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Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California

Hadley, David and Kanamori, Hiroo (1977) Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 88 (10). pp. 1469-1478. ISSN 0016-7606. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150218-082420404

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Abstract

Travel-time data obtained from both natural and artificial events occurring in southern California indicate a major, lateral crustal transition within the Transverse Range Province. The eastern crust is very similar to the adjacent Mojave region, where a crustal velocity of 6.2 km/sec is typically observed. The western ranges are dominated by an extensive 6.7 km/sec layer. P_n velocity beneath the western Mojave, Transverse Ranges, and northern Peninsular Ranges is 7.8 km/sec. The crustal thickness of these provinces is 30 to 35 km. The Transverse Ranges do not have a distinct crustal root. Unlike other provinces within southern California, the Transverse Ranges are underlain at a depth of 40 km by a refractor with a P-velocity of 8.3 km/sec. P-delays from a vertically incident, well-recorded teleseism suggest that this velocity anomaly extends to a depth of 100 km. These data indicate that this high-velocity, ridge-like structure is coincident with much of the areal extent of the geomorphic Transverse Ranges and is not offset by the San Andreas fault. Four hypotheses are advanced to explain the continuity of this feature across the plate boundary: (1) dynamic phase change; (2) a coincidental alignment of crust or mantle anomalies; (3) the litho-sphere is restricted to the crust; (4) the plate boundary at depth is displaced from the San Andreas fault at the surface. Within the context of the last model, we suggest the plate boundary at depth is at the eastern end of the velocity anomaly, in the vicinity of the active Helendale-Lenwood-Camprock faults. The regionally observed 7.8 km/sec layer is suggested as a zone of decoupling necessary to accommodate the horizontal shear that must result from the divergence of the crust and upper mantle plate boundaries. The geomorphic Transverse Ranges are viewed as crustal buckling caused by the enhanced coupling between the crust and upper mantle which is suggested by the locally thin, 7.8 km/sec layer.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1977)88<1469:SSOTTR>2.0.CO;2DOIArticle
http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/88/10/1469PublisherArticle
http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/content/88/10/1469PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1977 Geological Society of America. Manuscript received by the Society August 30, 1976, revised manuscript received February 7, 1977, manuscript accepted March 14, 1977. Contribution No. 2808, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology. We thank Lee Silver for many stimulating discussions that greatly improved the manuscript. Gordon Stewart, Carl Johnson, and many other members of the Seismological Laboratory have been involved in obtaining the refraction data. This work was supported by the U.S. Geological Survey under Contract No. 14-08-0001-15254 and by the Earth Sciences Section of The National Science Foundation under Grant No. DES75-03643.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
USGS14-08-0001-15254
NSFDES75-03643
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences2808
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150218-082420404
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150218-082420404
Official Citation: DAVID HADLEY and HIROO KANAMORI Seismic structure of the Transverse Ranges, California Geological Society of America Bulletin, October, 1977, v. 88, no. 10, p. 1469-1478, doi:10.1130/0016-7606(1977)88<1469:SSOTTR>2.0.CO;2
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:54925
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:18 Feb 2015 16:38
Last Modified:13 Feb 2019 18:06

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