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Lie Group Model Neuromorphic Geometric Engine for Real-time Terrain Reconstruction from Stereoscopic Aerial Photos

Tsao, Tien-Ren and Tsao, Doris Y. (1997) Lie Group Model Neuromorphic Geometric Engine for Real-time Terrain Reconstruction from Stereoscopic Aerial Photos. In: Applications and Science of Artificial Neural Networks III. Proceedings of SPIE. No.3077. SPIE , Orlando, FL, pp. 535-544. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150225-132447972

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Abstract

In the 1980's, neurobiologist suggested a simple mechanism in primate visual cortex for maintaining a stable and invariant representation of a moving object: The receptive field of visual neurons has real-time transforms in response to motion, to maintain a stable representation. When the visual stimulus is changed due to motion, the geometric transform of the stimulus triggers a dual transform of the receptive field. This dual transform in the receptive fields compensates geometric variation in the stimulus. This process can be modelled using a Lie group method. The massive array of affine parameter sensing circuits will function as a smart sensor tightly coupled to the passive imaging sensor (retina) . Neural geometric engine is a neuromorphic computing device simulating our Lie group model of spatial perception of primate's primal visual cortex. We have developed the computer simulation and experimented on realistic and synthetic image data, and performed a preliminary research of using analog VLSI technology for implementation of the neural geometric engine. We have benchmark tested on DMA's terrain data with their result and have built an analog integrated circuit to verify the computational structure of the engine. When fully implemented on ANALOG VLSI chip, we will be able to accurately reconstruct 3-D terrain surface in real-time from stereoscopic imagery.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.271514DOIArticle
http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=926784PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Tsao, Doris Y.0000-0003-1083-1919
Additional Information:© 1997 SPIE. The development of computational structure of neuromorphic geometric engine and its computer simulation and benchmark test was done by Dr. Thomas Tsao, funded by BMDO SBIR contract DASG6O-96-C-0058. The analog integrated circuit chip was designed and tested by Doris Tsao during her undergraduate study at Caltech, in relevant computational neural science courses.
Subject Keywords:Lie group Model of Early vision, Stereoscopic imagery, 3-D model of Terrain, Real-time reconstruction, Analog Neuromorphic device
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:3077
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150225-132447972
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150225-132447972
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:55199
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Donna Wrublewski
Deposited On:04 Mar 2015 00:21
Last Modified:27 Apr 2021 19:39

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