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An Auditory Localization and Coordinate Transform Chip

Horiuchi, Timothy K. (1995) An Auditory Localization and Coordinate Transform Chip. In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 7. MIT Press , Cambridge, MA, pp. 785-794. ISBN 0-262-20104-6.

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The localization and orientation to various novel or interesting events in the environment is a critical sensorimotor ability in all animals, predator or prey. In mammals, the superior colliculus (SC) plays a major role in this behavior, the deeper layers exhibiting topographically mapped responses to visual, auditory, and somatosensory stimuli. Sensory information arriving from different modalities should then be represented in the same coordinate frame. Auditory cues, in particular, are thought to be computed in head-based coordinates which must then be transformed to retinal coordinates. In this paper, an analog VLSI implementation for auditory localization in the azimuthal plane is described which extends the architecture proposed for the barn owl to a primate eye movement system where further transformation is required. This transformation is intended to model the projection in primates from auditory cortical areas to the deeper layers of the primate superior colliculus. This system is interfaced with an analog VLSI-based saccadic eye movement system also being constructed in our laboratory.

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Additional Information:© 1995 Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The author would like to acknowledge Prof. Christof Koch for his academic support and use of laboratory facilities for this project, Brooks Bishofberger for his assistance in constructing some of the discrete electronics and Prof. Carver Mead for running the CNS184 course under which this chip was fabricated. The author is supported by an AASERT grant from the Office of Naval Research.
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:55560
Deposited On:06 Mar 2015 05:31
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:06

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