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The VIMOS Ultra-Deep Survey: ∼10 000 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts to study galaxy assembly at early epochs 2 < z ≃ 6

Le Fèvre, O. and Capak, P. and Scoville, N. (2015) The VIMOS Ultra-Deep Survey: ∼10 000 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts to study galaxy assembly at early epochs 2 < z ≃ 6. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 576 . Art. No. A79. ISSN 0004-6361. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201423829.

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We present the VIMOS Ultra Deep Survey (VUDS), a spectroscopic redshift survey of ∼10 000 very faint galaxies to study the major phase of galaxy assembly 2 < z ≃ 6. The survey covers 1 deg^2 in 3 separate fields: COSMOS, ECDFS and VVDS-02h, with targets selection based on an inclusive combination of photometric redshifts and color properties. Spectra covering 3650 < λ < 9350Å are obtained with VIMOS on the ESO-VLT with integration times of 14h. Here we present the survey strategy, the target selection, the data processing, as well as the redshift measurement process, emphasizing the specific methods adapted to this high redshift range. The spectra quality and redshift reliability are discussed, and we derive a completeness in redshift measurement of 91%, or 74% for the most reliable measurements, down to i_(AB) = 25, and measurements are performed all the way down to i_(AB) = 27. The redshift distribution of the main sample peaks at z = 3 − 4 and extends over a large redshift range mainly in 2 < z < 6. At 3 < z < 5, the galaxies cover a large range of luminosities −23 < M_(NUV) < −20.5, stellar mass 10^9M_⊙ < M_∗ < 10^(11)M_⊙, and star formation rates 1 M_⊙/yr< S FR < 10^3M_⊙/yr. We discuss the spectral properties of galaxies using individual as well as stacked spectra. The comparison between spectroscopic and photometric redshifts as well as color selection demonstrate the effectiveness of our selection scheme. With ∼ 6000 galaxies with reliable spectroscopic redshifts in 2 < z < 6 expected when complete, this survey is the largest at these redshifts and offers the opportunity for unprecedented studies of the star-forming galaxy population and its distribution in large scale structures during the major phase of galaxy assembly.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper DOIArticle
Le Fèvre, O.0000-0001-5891-2596
Capak, P.0000-0003-3578-6843
Scoville, N.0000-0002-0438-3323
Additional Information:© 2015 ESO. Article published by EDP Sciences. Based on data obtained with the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope, Paranal, Chile, under Large Program 185.A-0791. We thank the ESO staff for their continuous support for the VUDS survey, particularly the Paranal staff, who conduct the observations, and Marina Rejkuba and the ESO user support group in Garching. This work is supported by funding from the European Research Council Advanced Grant ERC- 2010-AdG-268107-EARLY and by INAF Grants PRIN 2010, PRIN 2012 and PICS 2013. A.C., O.C., M.T. and V.S. acknowledge the grant MIUR PRIN 2010– 2011. D.M. gratefully acknowledges LAM hospitality during the initial phases of the project. This work is based on data products made available at the CESAM data center, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille. This work partly uses observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/DAPNIA, at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at TERAPIX and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European Research CouncilERC-2010-AdG-268107-EARLY
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)PRIN-2010
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)PRIN 2012
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)PICS-2013
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università della Ricerca (MIUR)PRIN 2010–2011
Subject Keywords:Galaxies: evolution, Galaxies: formation, Galaxies: high redshift, Cosmology: observations, Cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe, Astronomical Databases: surveys
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150317-075810913
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:O. Le Fèvre, L. A. M. Tasca, P. Cassata, B. Garilli, V. Le Brun, D. Maccagni, L. Pentericci, R. Thomas, E. Vanzella, G. Zamorani, E. Zucca, R. Amorin, S. Bardelli, P. Capak, L. Cassarà, M. Castellano, A. Cimatti, J. G. Cuby, O. Cucciati, S. de la Torre, A. Durkalec, A. Fontana, M. Giavalisco, A. Grazian, N. P. Hathi, O. Ilbert, B. C. Lemaux, C. Moreau, S. Paltani, B. Ribeiro, M. Salvato, D. Schaerer, M. Scodeggio, V. Sommariva, M. Talia, Y. Taniguchi, L. Tresse, D. Vergani, P. W. Wang, S. Charlot, T. Contini, S. Fotopoulou, C. López-Sanjuan, Y. Mellier and N. Scoville A&A 576 A79 (2015) DOI:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:55824
Deposited On:17 Mar 2015 16:07
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 20:50

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