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Design principles to exceed the DOE 2017 standards for delivery and storage of H_2 at room temperature using nitrogen bases covalent organic frameworks

Mendoza-Cortés, José L. and Goddard, William A., III and Furukawa, Hiroyasu and Yaghi, Omar (2014) Design principles to exceed the DOE 2017 standards for delivery and storage of H_2 at room temperature using nitrogen bases covalent organic frameworks. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, 248 . 599-ENFL. ISSN 0065-7727 . https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150323-140844434

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Abstract

Physisorption in porous materials is a promising route to meet mol. hydrogen (H_2) storage and delivery requirements for transportation because it is both fast and fully reversible at mild conditions. However, most current candidates have binding enthalpies to H_2 that are too small, which lead to volumetric capacity at 298 K of less than 10 g/L compared to the system target of 40 g/L. Using accurate quantum mech. (QM) methods, we det. the H_2 binding enthalpy of 48 compds. (5 linkers and 11 different transition metals) used for porous covalent org. frameworks (COF) which we metalated with different transition metals (TM) , including first row TM (Sc though Cu) and precious TM (Pd and Pt) . We showed that first row TM give similar and sometimes superior van der Waals interactions with H_2 than precious TMs. Based on these results, we constructed 26 new COFs based on these linkers and we det. the uptake using force fields (FF) based on QM and grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. We detd. new COFs that reach the DOE 2017 target of 40 g/L. This work highlights the designing principles for the optimal interaction enthalpy in the next generation of H_2 storage materials.


Item Type:Article
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http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/meetings/fall-2014.htmlOrganizationConference Website
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Goddard, William A., III0000-0003-0097-5716
Additional Information:© 2014 American Chemical Society.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150323-140844434
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150323-140844434
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:55981
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Mar 2015 21:31
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:10

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