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Characterizing the Cool KOIs. VII. Refined Physical Properties of the Transiting Brown Dwarf LHS 6343 C

Montet, Benjamin T. and Johnson, John Asher and Muirhead, Philip S. and Villar, Ashley and Vassallo, Corinne and Baranec, Christoph and Law, Nicholas M. and Riddle, Reed and Marcy, Geoffrey W. and Howard, Andrew W. and Isaacson, Howard (2015) Characterizing the Cool KOIs. VII. Refined Physical Properties of the Transiting Brown Dwarf LHS 6343 C. Astrophysical Journal, 800 (2). Art. No. 134. ISSN 0004-637X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150324-105219760

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Abstract

We present an updated analysis of LHS 6343, a triple system in the Kepler field which consists of a brown dwarf transiting one member of a widely separated M+M binary system. By analyzing the full Kepler data set and 34 Keck/HIgh Resolution Echelle Spectrometer radial velocity observations, we measure both the observed transit depth and Doppler semiamplitude to 0.5% precision. With Robo-AO and Palomar/PHARO adaptive optics imaging as well as TripleSpec spectroscopy, we measure a model-dependent mass for LHS 6343 C of 62.1 ± 1.2 M_(Jup) and a radius of 0.783 ± 0.011 R_(Jup). We detect the secondary eclipse in the Kepler data at 3.5σ, measuring ecos ω = 0.0228 ± 0.0008. We also derive a method to measure the mass and radius of a star and transiting companion directly, without any direct reliance on stellar models. The mass and radius of both objects depend only on the orbital period, stellar density, reduced semimajor axis, Doppler semiamplitude, eccentricity, and inclination, as well as the knowledge that the primary star falls on the main sequence. With this method, we calculate a mass and radius for LHS 6343 C to a precision of 3% and 2%, respectively.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/800/2/134DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0004-637X/800/2/134/PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1411.4047arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Montet, Benjamin T.0000-0001-7516-8308
Johnson, John Asher0000-0001-9808-7172
Muirhead, Philip S.0000-0002-0638-8822
Baranec, Christoph0000-0002-1917-9157
Law, Nicholas M.0000-0001-9380-6457
Riddle, Reed0000-0002-0387-370X
Marcy, Geoffrey W.0000-0002-2909-0113
Howard, Andrew W.0000-0001-8638-0320
Isaacson, Howard0000-0002-0531-1073
Additional Information:© 2015 American Astronomical Society. Received 2014 November 12; accepted 2014 December 28; published 2015 February 20. We thank Luan Ghezzi and Jennifer Yee for helpful discussions that improved the quality of this manuscript. The RV data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. We are grateful to the entire Kepler team, past and present. Their tireless efforts were all essential to the tremendous success of the mission and the future successes of K2. Some of the data presented in this paper were obtained from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5–26555. Support for MAST for non–HST data is provided by the NASA Office of Space Science via grant NNX13AC07G and by other grants and contracts. This paper includes data collected by the Kepler mission. Funding for the Kepler mission is provided by the NASA Science Mission directorate. B.T.M. is supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under grant No. DGE1144469. J.A.J. is supported by generous grants from the David and Lucile Packard Foundation and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. C.B. acknowledges support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. The Robo-AO system is supported by collaborating partner institutions, the California Institute of Technology and the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, and by the National Science Foundation under grant Nos. AST-0906060, AST-0960343, and AST-1207891, by the Mount Cuba Astronomical Foundation, by a gift from Samuel Oschin. We would like to thank the staff of both Palomar Observatory and the W. M. Keck Observatory for their support during our observing runs. Finally, we wish to acknowledge and recognize the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the ability to conduct observations from this mountain. Facilities: Keck:I (HIRES), Kepler, Hale (TripleSpec), PO:1.5m (Robo-AO)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NASANAS 5–26555
NASANNX13AC07G
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1144469
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
NSFAST-0906060
NSFAST-0960343
NSFAST-1207891
Mount Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Samuel OschinUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:binaries: general; brown dwarfs; stars: fundamental parameters; stars: individual (KIC 10002261); stars: late-type; stars: low-mass
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150324-105219760
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150324-105219760
Official Citation:Characterizing the Cool KOIs. VII. Refined Physical Properties of the Transiting Brown Dwarf LHS 6343 C Benjamin T. Montet et al. 2015 ApJ 800 134
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:56018
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:24 Mar 2015 19:21
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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