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Tracing the evolutionary history of the mole, Talpa europaea, through mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and species distribution modelling

Feuda, Roberto and Bannikova, Anna A. and Zemlemerova, Elena D. and Di Febbraro, Mirko and Loy, Anna and Hutterer, Rainer and Aloise, Gaetano and Zykov, Alexander E. and Annesi, Flavia and Colangelo, Paolo (2015) Tracing the evolutionary history of the mole, Talpa europaea, through mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and species distribution modelling. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114 (3). pp. 495-512. ISSN 0024-4066.

[img] PDF (Appendix S1. Map of localities and sources of data used to train the Maxent species distribution model (SDM)) - Supplemental Material
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[img] PDF (Appendix S4. Pearson correlation coefficient for Worldclim bioclimatic variables pairwise comparisons and results of the multivariate environmental similarity surface (MESS) index) - Supplemental Material
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Our understanding of the effect of Pleistocene climatic changes on the biodiversity of European mammals mostly comes from phylogeographical studies of non-subterranean mammals, whereas the influence of glaciation cycles on subterranean mammals has received little attention. The lack of data raises the question of how and to what extent the current amount and distribution of genetic variation in subterranean mammals is the result of Pleistocene range contractions/expansions. The common mole (Talpa europaea) is a strictly subterranean mammal, widespread across Europe, and represents one of the best candidates for studying the influence of Quaternary climatic oscillation on subterranean mammals. Cytochrome b sequences, as obtained from a sampling covering the majority of the distribution area, were used to evaluate whether Pleistocene climate change influenced the evolution of T. europaea and left a trace in the genetic diversity comparable to that observed in non-subterranean small mammals. Subsequently, we investigated the occurrence of glacial refugia by comparing the results of phylogeographical analysis with species distribution modelling. We found three differentiated mitochondrial DNA lineages: two restricted to Spain and Italy and a third that was widespread across Europe. Phylogenetic inferences and the molecular clock suggest that the Spanish moles represent a highly divergent and ancient lineage, highlighting for the first time the paraphyly of T. europaea. Furthermore, our analyses suggest that the genetic break between the Italian and the European lineages predates the last glacial phase. Historical demography and spatial principal component analysis further suggest that the Last Glacial Maximum left a signature both in the Italian and in the European lineages. Genetic data combined with species distribution models support the presence of at least three putative glacial refugia in southern Europe (France, Balkan Peninsula and Black Sea) during the last glacial maximum that likely contributed to post-glacial recolonization of Europe. By contrast, the Italian lineage remained trapped in the Italian peninsula and, according to the pattern observed in other subterranean mammals, did not contribute to the recolonization of northern latitudes.

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Additional Information:© 2015 The Linnean Society of London. Received 12 August 2014; revised 3 November 2014; accepted for publication 3 November 2014. Article first published online: 10 Feb 2015. We widh to thank A. V. Bobretzov, J. Herman (Department of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Scotland), Lidia Freixas Mora (Museu de Granollers Ciències Naturals), Christiane Denys (MNHN Paris), and Holger Meinig (Werther), who kindly provided tissues of moles, respectively, from North Ural mountains (Komi Republic), UK, Spain, and France. We also thank anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. The research of A. A. Bannikova and E. D. Zemlemerova was financially supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant N11-04-00020.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchN11-04-00020
Subject Keywords:cytochrome b; Europe; glacial refugia; historical demography; Last Glacial Maximum; paraphyly; phylogenetics; SDM; sPCA
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150327-062147000
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Official Citation:Feuda, R., Bannikova, A. A., Zemlemerova, E. D., Di Febbraro, M., Loy, A., Hutterer, R., Aloise, G., Zykov, A. E., Annesi, F. and Colangelo, P. (2015), Tracing the evolutionary history of the mole, Talpa europaea, through mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and species distribution modelling. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114: 495–512. doi: 10.1111/bij.12459
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:56153
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:27 Mar 2015 19:29
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:11

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