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Suppression of star formation in early-type galaxies by feedback from supermassive black holes

Schawinski, Kevin and Khochfar, Sadegh and Kaviraj, Sugata and Yi, Sukyoung K. and Boselli, Alessandro and Barlow, Tom A. and Conrow, Tim and Forster, Karl and Friedman, Peter G. and Martin, D. Christopher and Morrissey, Patrick and Neff, Susan G. and Schiminovich, David and Seibert, Mark and Small, Todd and Wyder, Ted K. and Bianchi, Luciana and Donas, José and Heckman, Tim and Lee, Young-Wook and Madore, Barry F. and Milliard, Bruno and Rich, R. Michael and Szalay, Alex S. (2006) Suppression of star formation in early-type galaxies by feedback from supermassive black holes. Nature, 442 (7105). pp. 888-891. ISSN 0028-0836.

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Detailed high-resolution observations of the innermost regions of nearby galaxies have revealed the presence of supermassive black holes. These black holes may interact with their host galaxies by means of 'feedback' in the form of energy and material jets; this feedback affects the evolution of the host and gives rise to observed relations between the black hole and the host. Here we report observations of the ultraviolet emissions of massive early-type galaxies. We derive an empirical relation for a critical black-hole mass (as a function of velocity dispersion) above which the outflows from these black holes suppress star formation in their hosts by heating and expelling all available cold gas. Supermassive black holes are negligible in mass compared to their hosts but nevertheless seem to play a critical role in the star formation history of galaxies.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access Information
Schawinski, Kevin0000-0001-5464-0888
Forster, Karl0000-0001-5800-5531
Martin, D. Christopher0000-0002-8650-1644
Morrissey, Patrick0000-0001-8177-1023
Seibert, Mark0000-0002-1143-5515
Bianchi, Luciana0000-0001-7746-5461
Madore, Barry F.0000-0002-1576-1676
Rich, R. Michael0000-0003-0427-8387
Additional Information:© 2006 Nature Publishing Group. Received 15 December 2005; accepted 15 May 2006. We thank J. Magorrian for discussions and comments. GALEX is a NASA Small Explorer, launched in April 2003. We acknowledge NASA's support for construction, operation, and science analysis for the GALEX mission, developed in cooperation with the Centre National d'Études Spatiales of France and the Korean Ministry of Science and Technology. This work was supported by the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation (S.K.Y.). Author Contributions K.S., S. Khochfar, S. Kaviraj and S.K.Y. performed the data sampling, analysis, interpretation, model construction, and writing of the manuscript. A.B. supplied the Virgo galaxy data, and the rest of the authors contributed to the data acquisition using the GALEX satellite.
Group:Space Astrophysics Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Korea Science and Engineering FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:7105
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150330-162345264
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Official Citation:Schawinski, K., Khochfar, S., Kaviraj, S., Yi, S. K., Boselli, A., Barlow, T., . . . Szalay, A. (2006). Suppression of star formation in early-type galaxies by feedback from supermassive black holes. [10.1038/nature04934]. Nature, 442(7105), 888-891.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:56222
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:31 Mar 2015 18:17
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 21:13

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