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The 2013 outburst of a transient very faint X-ray binary, 23 arcsec from Sgr A*

Koch, E. W. and Bahramian, A. and Heinke, C. O. and Mori, K. and Rea, N. and Degenaar, N. and Haggard, D. and Wijnands, R. and Ponti, G. and Miller, J. M. and Yusef-Zadeh, F. and Dufour, F. and Cotton, W. D. and Bananoff, F. K. and Reynolds, M. T. (2014) The 2013 outburst of a transient very faint X-ray binary, 23 arcsec from Sgr A*. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 442 (1). pp. 372-381. ISSN 0035-8711. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150401-100203659

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Abstract

We report observations using the Swift/XRT, NuSTAR, and Chandra X-ray telescopes of the transient X-ray source CXOGC J174540.0-290005 during its 2013 outburst. Due to its location in the field of multiple observing campaigns targeting Sgr A*, this is one of the best-studied outbursts of a very faint X-ray binary (VFXB; peak LX < 10^(36) erg s^(−1)) yet recorded, with detections in 173 ks of X-ray observations over 50 d. VFXBs are of particular interest, due to their unusually low outburst luminosities and time-averaged mass transfer rates, which are hard to explain within standard accretion physics and binary evolution. The 2013 outburst of CXOGC J174540.0-290005 peaked at L_X(2–10 keV) = 5.0 × 10^(35) erg s^(−1), and all data above 10^(34) erg s^(−1) were well fitted by an absorbed power law of photon index ∼1.7, extending from 2 keV out to ≳ 70 keV. We discuss the implications of these observations for the accretion state of CXOGC J174540.0-290005.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stu887DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heinke, C. O.0000-0003-3944-6109
Mori, K.0000-0002-9709-5389
Additional Information:© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2014 April 30. Received 2014 April 29. In original form 2014 March 24. First published online June 4, 2014 We are very grateful for the hard work by the staff and directors of the observatories, and in particular, to Scott Wolk, Patrick Slane, and Dillon Foight at the CXC, for enabling our monitoring campaigns of the Galactic Center. COH is supported by an NSERC Discovery Grant and an Alberta Ingenuity New Faculty Award. DH is supported by Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO) Award numbers GO3-14121X, GO3-14099X, and G03-14060X, operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory for and on behalf of NASA under contract and also by NASA Swift grant NNX14AC30G. NR is supported by a Ramon y Cajal Fellowship, NWO Vidi award, and grants AYA 2012-39303, SGR2009-811, and iLINK 2011-0303. ND is supported by NASA through Hubble Postdoctoral Fellowship grant number HST-HF-51287.01-A from STScI. This research made use of data obtained from the Chandra Data Archive and software provided by the Chandra X-ray Center in the application packages CIAO, CHIPS, and SHERPA. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is operated by Associated Universities Inc., under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The Swift/XRT Data Analysis Software (XRTDAS) is developed under the responsibility of the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC), Italy. We acknowledge extensive use of the ADS and arXiv.
Group:NuSTAR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Alberta Ingenuity New Faculty AwardUNSPECIFIED
NASAGO3-14121X
NASAGO3-14099X
NASAG03-14060X
NASANNX14AC30G
Ramon y Cajal FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)AYA 2012-39303
Agencia de Gestió D'Ajuts Universitaris I de Recerca AgaurSGR2009-811
UNSPECIFIEDiLINK 2011-0303
NASAHST-HF-51287.01-A
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150401-100203659
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150401-100203659
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:56275
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:01 Apr 2015 20:06
Last Modified:01 Dec 2017 18:49

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