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Traumatic Acid and Thiamin as Growth Factors for Algae

Van Overbeek, J. (1940) Traumatic Acid and Thiamin as Growth Factors for Algae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 26 (7). pp. 441-443. ISSN 0027-8424.

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Bottomley and, especially, Ashby [2] showed that Lemna develops well in a purely inorganic medium, although it thrives better if some organic matter, such as a soil extract, is added. The addition of soil extract and other chemically ill-defined organic matters [3] to the culture medium of algae is a general practice [4]. Since the chemistry of many plant hormones has become known in recent years it seemed of interest to see in which respect they affect the growth of algae. Yin [5] studied the effect of auxin on Chlorella and found an inhibition of the multiplication but an increase of the individual cell size. Pratt [6]. however, found just the reverse, an increase in cell number and no increase in cell size. Recently English, Bonner and Haagen-Smit [7] isolated and synthesized traumatic acid (1-decene-1, 10 dicarboxylic acid), a wound hormone of plants, which causes considerable proliferation and elongation of parenchymatous tissues (bean pods and potato tubers). On the assumption that this substance might exhibit similar properties on plant cells in general, it was added to the sterile cultures of unicellular algae [8] in order to determine whether it promotes the growth. Traumatic acid indeed proved to be highly effective in promoting multiplication of the culture, as is shown in the table for Scenedesmus obliquus, Sc. bijugatus, Sc. brasiliensis and Palmellococcus miniatus. Similar results were obtained with Coccomyxa subellipsoidea forma putridena, Kirchneriella spec.?, Coelastrum proboscideum var. gracilis and Stichococcus bacillaris [9].

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Additional Information:Copyright © 1940 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated June 7, 1940 Work assisted by the Works Progress Administration (Official Project 65-1-07-08, Work Project N-11534).
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:OVEpnas40
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5674
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:27 Oct 2006
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 23:25

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