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The interpretation of solar system abundances at the N = 50 neutron shell

Burnett, D. S. and Woolum, D. S. (1990) The interpretation of solar system abundances at the N = 50 neutron shell. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 228 (1). pp. 253-259. ISSN 0004-6361. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150427-110936591

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Abstract

New data on CI chondrite abundances demonstrate a high degree of smoothness for the A= 75-100 mass range for odd A nuclei, except for a single element peak at Y ascribable to the s-process peak for the N = 50 neutron shell. Literature estimates of s-process abundances, N., permit a smooth N. curve to be drawn; however the resultant "non-s" abundance curve (nominally r-process) does not show a peak analogous to peaks associated with the N = 82 or 126 shells. However, both the nominal N. and "non-s" abundance curves show similar rapid increases below mass 70. It is more reasonable to ascribe the "non-s" rise as an artifact from relatively small differences in the N. and total abundances, indicating that a relatively broad r-process peak is indeed present. The solar system even A abundances in this mass region are not smooth but show a saw-tooth structure which is also reflected in neutron capture cross sections, indicating that the saw-tooth is an s-process feature. The r-only even A nuclei define the r-process peak assuming that it is smooth. Assuming the systematics of the r-process even and odd A abundance peaks at the N = 82 and 126 shells apply to N = 50, the odd A r-process peak for N = 50 can be obtained, which in turn permits a new calculation of N. for odd A. The new N, is relatively smooth, but, contrary to expectations, the product of N. and the neutron capture cross section is not a smooth function of A, but contains structure, especially a rise between masses 82-84, which is not compatible with an exponential distribution of neutron exposures.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
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http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990A%26A...228..253BADSArticle
Additional Information:© 1990 European Southern Observatory. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received November 29, 1988; accepted June 27, 1989. We acknowledge a helpful review of this manuscript by F. Kappeler. Support for this work was from NASA grants NAG 9-94 (DSB) and NAG 9-57 (DSW).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAG 9-94
NASANAG 9-57
Subject Keywords:planets and satellites: abundances meteor, meteorites nucleosynthesis
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences 4760
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150427-110936591
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150427-110936591
Official Citation:The interpretation of solar system abundances at the N = 50 neutron shell Burnett, D. S.; Woolum, D. S. Astronomy and Astrophysics (ISSN 0004-6361), vol. 228, no. 1, Feb. 1990, p. 253-259. 2/1990
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:57006
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:27 Apr 2015 19:19
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:19

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