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Witnessing microtubule-based transport in the living brain: Impact of the cargomotor receptor, amyloid precursor protein, and Alzheimer’s plaques

Chaves, F. L. and Medina, C. S. and Zhang, X. and Jacobs, R. E. and Bearer, E. L. (2014) Witnessing microtubule-based transport in the living brain: Impact of the cargomotor receptor, amyloid precursor protein, and Alzheimer’s plaques. In: 2014 ASCB: an International Forum for Cell Biology, December, 2014, Philadelphia, PA.

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Most amyloid precursor protein (APP)-based Alzheimer’s models overexpress mutant human APP resulting in Abeta plaques. Yet the relative contribution of this elevated APP and the presence of plaques to neurodegeneration remains a big question. APP’s role as a cargo-motor receptor for axonal transport suggests that overexpression might lead to increased transport. Indeed we showed that transport is increased in Down’s syndrome and decreased in APP knockout mice. Hence transport may be elevated in APP overexpressors and lead to either beneficial or deleterious consequences. Here we use high field microMRI with Mn2+, an MR contrast agent useful as a track-tracer, to pose this cell biological quest ion within the whole living brains of wildtype and Alzheimer’s model mice. Injection of Mn2+ into the CA3 region of the hippocampus results in measurable transport over time. Application of 3D unbiased whole brain image analysis detects all circuitry emanating from the hippocampus. By driving APP Swe/Ind transgene expression with a tetracycline-sensitive promoter, APPSwe/Ind expression can be decoupled from the presence of plaques with doxycycline (doxy). Three groups of mice were studied: group ‘A’ (no doxy, +plaques, +APP); group ‘B’ (doxy at 8 days before sacrifice, +plaques, no APP), and group ‘C’ (doxy prior to conception, and stopped 8 days before sacrifice, no plaques, +APP). Images were captured before and sequentionally after Mn2+ injection into CA 3 (1, 7, 25 hr). Images were aligned and analyzed by statistical parametric mapping to identify differential accumulation within the hippocampal projections. Histopathology revealed well-developed plaques in A and B, and Western blots showed human APP expressed five-fold over WT in in A and C. Our preliminary results show increased transport in A and C, with APP Swe/Ind expression when compared with B, where expression is suppressed. Cholinergic neurons in the medial septal nucleus were decreased as determined by anti-ChAT staining in Group C (p=0.0006 by one-way ANOVA, n=15). In conclusion, the effects of elevated APP expression are separable from consequences of plaque, and each may.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
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Jacobs, R. E.0000-0002-1382-8486
Additional Information:© 2014 American Society for Cell Biology. SUNDAY-POSTER PRESENTATIONS. Supported by NIGMS P5OGM08273 and NINDS NS062184.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)NS062184
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150504-134643774
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:57203
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:06 May 2015 17:32
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:22

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