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Kinetic Isotope Effects in Enzymic Reactions

Richards, J. H. (1970) Kinetic Isotope Effects in Enzymic Reactions. In: The Enzymes. Academic Press , New York, NY, pp. 321-333. ISBN 978-0-12-122702-9. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150506-105310125

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Abstract

During the conversion of one molecule to another, new bonds are formed, old bonds broken, and other bonds experience changes, either transient or permanent, in their hybridization. Isotopic substitution can have a profound influence on the energetics of these bonding changes. The effect of isotopic substitution on the force constant is usually minor; however, the changes in mass can be a relatively major factor. This chapter discusses the causes of primary and secondary kinetic effects for isotopes of hydrogen and gives some examples of the application of these effects to problems of biochemical interest. Division of isotope effects two categories—primary and secondary—that facilitates discussion. A primary kinetic isotope effect results when the bond to the isotopically substituted atom is broken in the transition state. A secondary isotope effect results when the bond to the isotopically substituted atom, though not broken, experiences significant changes in hybridization during the reaction.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1874-6047(08)60185-7DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874604708601857PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1970 Academic Press Inc. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150506-105310125
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150506-105310125
Official Citation:J.H. Richards, 6 Kinetic Isotope Effects in Enzymic Reactions, In: Paul D. Boyer, Editor(s), The Enzymes, Academic Press, 1970, Volume 2, Pages 321-333, ISSN 1874-6047, ISBN 9780121227029, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1874-6047(08)60185-7. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1874604708601857)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:57272
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:06 May 2015 18:26
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:23

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