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Environmental seismology: What can we learn on earth surface processes with ambient noise?

Larose, Eric and Carrière, Simon and Voisin, Christophe and Bottelin, Pierre and Baillet, Laurent and Guéguen, Philippe and Walter, Fabian and Jongmans, Denis and Guillier, Bertrand and Garambois, Stéphane and Gimbert, Florent and Massey, Chris (2015) Environmental seismology: What can we learn on earth surface processes with ambient noise? Journal of Applied Geophysics, 116 . pp. 62-74. ISSN 0926-9851.

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Environmental seismology consists in studying the mechanical vibrations that originate from, or that have been affected by external causes, that is to say causes outside the solid Earth. This includes for instance the coupling between the solid Earth and the cryosphere, or the hydrosphere, the anthroposphere and the specific sources of vibration developing there. Environmental seismology also addresses the modifications of the wave propagation due to environmental forcing such as temperature and hydrology. Recent developments in data processing, together with increasing computational power and sensor concentration have led to original observations that allow for the development of this new field of seismology. In this article, we will particularly review how we can track and interpret tiny changes in the subsurface of the Earth related to external changes from modifications of the seismic wave propagation, with application to geomechanics, hydrology, and natural hazard. We will particularly demonstrate that, using ambient noise, we can track 1) thermal variations in the subsoil, in buildings or in rock columns; 2) the temporal and spatial evolution of a water table; 3) the evolution of the rigidity of the soil constituting a landslide, and especially the drop of rigidity preceding a failure event.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Walter, Fabian0000-0003-4793-7880
Gimbert, Florent0000-0001-7350-3563
Additional Information:© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Received 18 November 2014; Received in revised form 4 February 2015; Accepted 5 February 2015; Available online 12 February 2015. The authors acknowledge fundings from the VOR program (Université J. Fourier), the ERC Adv. Grant Whisper 227507, and the Labex OSUG@2020 (ANR10 LABX56). We acknowledge help from Peter Moore for drawing Fig. 11.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Université Joseph Fourier VOR ProgramUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)227507
Labex OSUG@2020ANR10 LABX56
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Environmental seismology; Engineering seismology; Ambient noise; Hydrology; Thermo-mechanics
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150518-152240276
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Larose, E., Carrière, S., Voisin, C., Bottelin, P., Baillet, L., Guéguen, P., . . . Massey, C. (2015). Environmental seismology: What can we learn on earth surface processes with ambient noise? Journal of Applied Geophysics, 116(0), 62-74. doi:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:57620
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:19 May 2015 18:35
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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