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A stochastic model of turbulent mixing with chemical reaction: Nitric oxide formation in a plug-flow burner

Appleton, John P. and Flagan, Richard C. (1974) A stochastic model of turbulent mixing with chemical reaction: Nitric oxide formation in a plug-flow burner. Combustion and Flame, 23 (2). pp. 249-267. ISSN 0010-2180. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-103809074

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Abstract

A stochastic model of turbulent mixing has been developed for a reactor in which mixing is represented by n-body fluid particle interactions (n = 2, 3, ... 6). The model has been used to justify the assumption made in previous investigations of the role of turbulent mixing on burner generated thermal nitric oxide and carbon monoxide emissions that, for a simple plug flow reactor, composition nonuniformities can be described by a Gaussian distribution function in the local fuel: air equivalence ratio. Rate-limited upper and lower bounds of the nitric oxide produced by thermal fixation of molecular nitrogen and oxidation of organically bound fuel nitrogen are estimated on the basis of the stochastic model for a plug flow burner; these are compared with experimental measurements obtained using a laboratory burner operated over a wide range of test conditions; good agreement is obtained.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(74)90062-5DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0010218074900625PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Additional Information:© 1974 The Combustion Institute. Received April 1, 1974; revised June 28, 1974. This work was supported in part by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant NGR 22-009-378 and by the Environmental Protection Agency under Grant R-800-729-03-01. Part of the work was presented at the A.I.Ch.E. 66th Annual Meeting under the title: Nitric Oxide Formation from Fuel Bound Nitrogen in an Oil Fired Burner. We would like to express our thanks to several of our colleagues for helpful discussions, notably Professor D. P. Hoult, who suggested extending our investigation of the stochastic mixing model beyond the Duo-particle limit. One of us (R. C. F.) wishes to acknowledge partial financial support from MIT for a Sloan Research Traineeship.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANGR 22-009-378
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R-800-729-03-01
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan Research TraineeshipUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-103809074
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-103809074
Official Citation:Richard C. Flagan, John P. Appleton, A stochastic model of turbulent mixing with chemical reaction: Nitric oxide formation in a plug-flow burner, Combustion and Flame, Volume 23, Issue 2, October 1974, Pages 249-267, ISSN 0010-2180, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0010-2180(74)90062-5. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0010218074900625)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:58442
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Irina Meininger
Deposited On:23 Jun 2015 18:49
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:36

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