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Experimental Anion Affinities for the Air/Water Interface

Cheng, Jie and Vecitis, Chad D. and Hoffmann, M. R. and Colussi, A. J. (2006) Experimental Anion Affinities for the Air/Water Interface. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110 (51). pp. 25598-25602. ISSN 1520-6106. doi:10.1021/jp066197k.

[img] PDF (Ratios of normalized anion affinities, f_(X^−)/f_(X^−)(0), as function of Triton X-114 (Figure 7), and sodium dodecylsulfate (Figure 8) concentrations) - Supplemental Material
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Anion affinities, γ_(X^−), for the aerial interface of aqueous (Br^- + NO_3^- + I^- + SCN^- + BF_4^- + ClO_4^-) solutions are determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The composition of the ions ejected from the surface of fissioning nanodroplets shows that γ_X(−^ )increase (decrease) exponentially with anionic radii, a_(X−(dehydration free energies, ^dG_(X^−)), and selectively respond to the presence of surfactants. BF_4^-, the least hydrated and polarizable anion of the set, has one of the largest γ_(X^−) values. Non-ionic surfactants decrease γ_(I^−) and γ_(SCN^−) but increase γ_(BF_4^−). Cetyltrimethyl ammonium markedly enhances the γ_(X^−) of smaller anions. A similar but weaker effect is observed upon lowering the pH of the bulk solutions from 8.2 to 3.0. Dodecyl sulfate has a negligible effect on γ_(X^−). Considering that (i) universal many-body electrodynamic interactions will progressively stabilize the interfacial layer as its dielectric permittivity falls relative to that of the bulk solution and (ii) water permittivity is uniformly depressed by increasing concentrations of these anions, we infer that the observed Hofmeister correlation, ln γ_(X^−) ∝ - ^dG_(X^−), is consistent with the optimal depression of the permittivity of the drier interfacial layer by the least hydrated ions. Interfacial ion−ion interactions can significantly influence γ_(X^−) in environmental aqueous media.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Information
Hoffmann, M. R.0000-0001-6495-1946
Colussi, A. J.0000-0002-3400-4101
Additional Information:© 2006 American Chemical Society. Received: September 21, 2006; In Final Form: November 1, 2006. This work was financed by NSF grant ATM-0534990.
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Issue or Number:51
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-154752779
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Official Citation:Experimental Anion Affinities for the Air/Water Interface Jie Cheng, Chad D. Vecitis, M. R. Hoffmann, and A. J. Colussi The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 2006 110 (51), 25598-25602 DOI: 10.1021/jp066197k
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:58467
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:29 Jul 2015 15:08
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:05

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