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Kinetics of NO and NO_2 Evolution from Illuminated Frozen Nitrate Solutions

Boxe, C. S. and Colussi, A. J. and Hoffmann, M. R. and Perez, I. M. and Murphy, J. G. and Cohen, R. C. (2006) Kinetics of NO and NO_2 Evolution from Illuminated Frozen Nitrate Solutions. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 110 (10). pp. 3578-3583. ISSN 1089-5639. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-154753992

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Abstract

The release of NO and NO_2 from frozen aqueous NaNO_3 irradiated at 313 nm was studied using time-resolved spectroscopic techniques. The kinetic behavior of NO and NO_2 signals during on-and-off illumination cycles confirms that NO_2 is a primary photoproduct evolving from the outermost ice layers and reveals that NO is a secondary species generated deeper in the ice, whence it eventually emerges due to its inertness and larger diffusivity. NO is shown to be more weakly held than NO_2 by ice in thermal desorption experiments on preirradiated samples. The partial control of gaseous emissions by mass transfer, and hence by the morphology and metamorphisms of polycrystalline ice, is established by (1) the nonmonotonic temperature dependence of NO and NO_2 signals upon stepwise warming under continuous illumination, (2) the fact that the NO, NO_2 or NO_x (NO_x ≡ NO + NO_2) amounts released in bright thermograms performed under various heating ramps fail to scale with photon dose, due to irreversible losses in the adsorbed state. Because present NO/NO_2 ratios are up to 10-fold smaller than those determined over sunlit snowpacks, we infer that the immediate precursors to NO mostly absorb at λ > λ_(max) (NO_3^-) ∼ 302 nm.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp055037qDOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Colussi, A. J.0000-0002-3400-4101
Hoffmann, M. R.0000-0001-6495-1946
Cohen, R. C.0000-0001-6617-7691
Additional Information:© 2006 American Chemical Society. Received: September 6, 2005; In Final Form: January 24, 2006. C.S.B. acknowledges support from the Betty and Gordon Moore Foundation. This work was financed by NSF grants ATM-0228140 (Caltech) and ATM-0138669 (Berkeley).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFATM-0228140
NSFATM-0138669
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-154753992
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150623-154753992
Official Citation:Kinetics of NO and NO2 Evolution from Illuminated Frozen Nitrate Solutions C. S. Boxe, A. J. Colussi, M. R. Hoffmann, I. M. Perez, J. G. Murphy, and R. C. Cohen The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2006 110 (10), 3578-3583 DOI: 10.1021/jp055037q
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:58471
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:28 Jul 2015 22:06
Last Modified:15 Jun 2020 19:19

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