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Can multiple shocks trigger ground level events?

Gang, L. and Mewaldt, R. A. (2009) Can multiple shocks trigger ground level events? In: Proceedings of the 31st International Cosmic Ray Conference. University of Lodz, Department of High Energy Astrophysics , Lodz, Poland, pp. 1-4. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150720-154752468

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Abstract

A total of 16 Ground Level Events (GLE) occurred in solar cycle 23. These events, in which particle energies reach above 1 GeV/nuc, are the most energetic examples of Gradual Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) events. Over the past solar cycle, a great deal has been learned about these events observationally. However, the process by which particles are accelerated to these high energies is still presently unknown. We know the fact that they are often associated with both flares and Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) driven shocks, yet in many other SEP events where both strong flares and fast CMEs are found, the intensities and the maximum energies of energetic particles are often more than 10 to 100 times smaller. So questions such as what triggers a GLE and what differentiates a GLE from other gradual SEP events remain open. We discuss here a scenario in which two CMEs occur closely in time but offset in propagation direction. We show that the resulting magnetic field configuration can lead to magnetic reconnection. This reconnection process will provide both an excess of seed population and enhanced turbulence level at the shock front of the second CME-driven shock. Enhanced particle accel- eration can therefore be achieved. The implications of our proposed scenario will be discussed.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://icrc2009.uni.lodz.pl/proc/pdf/icrc1362.pdfPublisherArticle
Additional Information:Copyright University of Łódź. Department of High Energy Astrophysics, 2010 This work was supported in part by NASA grants NNX06AC21G, NNH07ZDA001N for GL at UAHuntsville; and by NNX08AI11G and NNX06AC21G at Caltech. We thank Christina Cohen for assistance with SEP abundance data.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANNX06AC21G
NASANNH07ZDA001N-HGI
NASANNX08AI11G
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Space Radiation Laboratory2009-29
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150720-154752468
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150720-154752468
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:58953
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Deborah Miles
Deposited On:28 Jul 2015 15:55
Last Modified:10 Mar 2017 23:40

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