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A Chemical Element Balance for the Pasadena Aerosol

Miller, M. S. and Friedlander, S. K. and Hidy, G. M. (1972) A Chemical Element Balance for the Pasadena Aerosol. In: Aerosols and Atmospheric Chemistry. Academic Press , New York, NY, pp. 301-312. ISBN 978-0-12-347250-2. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150805-120014933

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Abstract

A method has been developed for calculating on a chemical element-by-element basis the contribution of various sources to the aerosol of a polluted atmosphere. Four major sources have been considered and their relative contributions estimated by employing certain trace elements characteristic of each source; sodium, aluminum, lead, and vanadium were utilized for sea salt, soil, automobile emissions, and fuel oil fly ash, respectively. Most of the data used in the calculations were taken from the results of other investigators. New data are reported for soil dust and fuel oil fly ash, including evidence for a fractionation effect in wind raised dust. Calculated compositions for the Pasadena aerosol are in fair agreement with measured values for many elements. Deviations can be explained in most cases in terms of other anthropogenic sources and atmospheric reactions.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-347250-2.50030-6DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123472502500306PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1972 Academic Press. Received July 1, 1971; revised November 29, 1971; accepted November 29, 1971. The authors wish to acknowledge the aid of Mrs. Elisabeth Bingham who performed elemental analyses of the soil samples and Dr. Peter K. Mueller and coworkers who provided analytical data for the composition of aerosol particulate matter obtained in Pasadena. This work was supported by the U. S. Public Health Service under Grants TO1 ES00080 and AP00680.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
US Public Health Service (USPHS)TO1 ES00080
US Public Health Service (USPHS)AP00680
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150805-120014933
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150805-120014933
Official Citation:M.S. MILLER, S.K. FRIEDLANDER and G.M. HIDY, A Chemical Element Balance for the Pasadena Aerosol, In Aerosols and Atmospheric Chemistry, edited by G.M. HIDY, Academic Press, 1972, Pages 301-312, ISBN 9780123472502, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-347250-2.50030-6. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123472502500306)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59245
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:06 Aug 2015 21:21
Last Modified:13 Feb 2019 18:06

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