CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Immersed-Foil Method for Measuring Shock Wave Profiles in Solids

Ahrens, Thomas J. and Ruderman, M. H. (1966) Immersed-Foil Method for Measuring Shock Wave Profiles in Solids. Journal of Applied Physics, 37 (13). pp. 4758-4765. ISSN 0021-8979. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150811-134908613

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

1073Kb

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150811-134908613

Abstract

A new technique is described for measuring, essentially directly, a complex shock front profile that is transmitted into a transparent liquid from a solid material. The image of a grid light source, reflected from a Mylar foil immersed within the liquid, is recorded with a streak camera.Index of refraction data for liquids in the high‐pressure shocked state (required for calculating particle velocities from image displacements) are reported for glycerol, ethanol, water, and hexane to 220, 135, 58, and 41 kbar, respectively. The increase of index of refraction with density for water agrees with that reported by Zel'dovich, Sinitsyn, and Kormer, but is considerably less (as are also the results for the other liquids) than that predicted by the Lorentz‐Lorenz formula. Hugoniot data obtained concurrently with the refractive index data agree closely with those of Rice and Walsh. Applications of the immersed‐foil method are discussed for: (a) determining the release adiabats from shock states produced by a double shock front in a solid; (b) the study of shock wave attenuation in solids; and (3) measurement of the adiabatic sound velocity of liquids in the high‐pressure shocked state.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1708133DOIArticle
http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jap/37/13/10.1063/1.1708133PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1967 The American Institute of Physics. (Received 4 May 1966) This research was supported in part through the Defense Atomic Support Agency, Contract DA-49-146-XZ-277, as a portion of the Advanced Research Projects Agency's VELA-UNIFORM program. We appreciate the assistance of our colleagues, A. B. Christensen, B. Y. Loo, and J. T. Rosenberg in deriving formulas and carrying out experimental analyses, and that of W. Isbell in the careful execution of several experiments. We thank J. O. Erkman for providing us with Fig. 10. Discussions with W. Isbell and J. K. Crosby concerning the optical systems were also extremely helpful. We also wish to thank Dr. G. R. Fowles for his numerous suggestions and guidance and Dr. D. G. Doran for reviewing the manuscript.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Atomic Support Agency (DASA)DA-49-146-XZ-277
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), project VelaUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150811-134908613
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150811-134908613
Official Citation:Immersed‐Foil Method for Measuring Shock Wave Profiles in Solids Ahrens, Thomas J. and Ruderman, M. H., Journal of Applied Physics, 37, 4758-4765 (1966), DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1708133
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59427
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:11 Aug 2015 20:54
Last Modified:11 Aug 2015 20:54

Repository Staff Only: item control page