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Electron transfer at electrodes and in solution: Comparison of theory and experiment

Marcus, R. A. (1968) Electron transfer at electrodes and in solution: Comparison of theory and experiment. Electrochimica Acta, 13 (5). pp. 995-1004. ISSN 0013-4686. doi:10.1016/0013-4686(68)80031-3.

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Detailed quantitative information about different theoretical aspects of electron-transfer rates in solution and at electrodes can be obtained from appropriate experiments. Recent theoretical work has predicted certain quantitative correlations between rates of crossed-redox reactions and rates of isotopic exchange, and between homogeneous and electrochemical rates. Experimental tests of these predictions yield insight into “intrinsic” and “driving force” factors. The intrinsic factor is related to differences in properties of oxidized and reduced species (eg, differences in corresponding bond lengths and differences in solvent orientation polarization). The driving force term is related to the standard free energy of reaction in the homogeneous reaction and to the activation overpotential in the electrode reaction. Measurements of temperature coefficients of rates in dilute solution provide some information about adiabatic and dielectric-saturation effects. Absolute rates, in conjunction with knowledge of bond-length differences and bond-force constants, provide some insight into the over-all picture, (instrinsic, adiabatic, unsaturation factors etc). Study of the cited quantitative correlations permits the cancellation of many effects, and so can reveal others. The present state of experimental information on these theoretical topics is described.

Item Type:Article
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Marcus, R. A.0000-0001-6547-1469
Additional Information:© 1968 Elsevier. Presented at the 18th meeting of CITCE, Elmau, April 1967; manuscript received 23 August 1967.
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150812-155404718
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Official Citation:R.A. Marcus, Electron transfer at electrodes and in solution: Comparison of theory and experiment, Electrochimica Acta, Volume 13, Issue 5, 1968, Pages 995-1004, ISSN 0013-4686, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59462
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:12 Aug 2015 23:10
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:21

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