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Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Gases

Dickinson, R. G. and Dillon, R. T. and Rasetti, F. (1929) Raman Spectra of Polyatomic Gases. Physical Review, 34 (4). pp. 582-590. ISSN 0031-899X. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.34.582.

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Raman spectra of gaseous CO2, N2O, NH3, CH4 and C2H4 have been photographed using the line λ2536 of mercury as the exciting radiation. Vibrational transitions have been observed in all the gases investigated, and rotational transitions in the cases of NH3 and CH4. For the frequency shifts due to the vibrational transitions, the following numerical values (in cm^-1) have been found: CO2: 1264.5; 1285.1; 1387.7; 1408.4. CH4: 2914.8; 3022.1; 3071.5. N2O: 1281.8 C2H4: 1342.4; 1623.3; 2880.1; 3019.3; 3240.3; 3272.3. NH3: 3333.6 Raman spectra of liquid NH3 have been photographed and found to give the two frequency shifts: 3298.4 and 3214.5. In the case of gaseous NH3, pure rotational transitions lead to a moment of inertia having the value I0=2.79×10^-40. In the case of methane, the positive and negative branches of the 3022.1 band lead to the value I0=5.17×10^-40. The relations between these data and infra-red absorption data are discussed.

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Additional Information:©1929 The American Physical Society Received 15 July 1929
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:DICpr29
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5959
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Deposited On:09 Nov 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:30

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