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ACE-Asia Intercomparison of a Thermal-Optical Method for the Determination of Particle-Phase Organic and Elemental Carbon

Schauer, J. J. and Mader, B. T. and DeMinter, J. T. and Heidemann, G. and Bae, M. S. and Seinfeld, J. H. and Flagan, R. C. and Cary, R. A. and Smith, D. and Huebert, B. J. and Bertram, T. and Howell, S. and Kline, J. T. and Quinn, P. and Bates, T. and Turpin, B. and Lim, H. J. and Yu, J. Z. and Yang, H. and Keywood, M. D. (2003) ACE-Asia Intercomparison of a Thermal-Optical Method for the Determination of Particle-Phase Organic and Elemental Carbon. Environmental Science and Technology, 37 (5). pp. 993-1001. ISSN 0013-936X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-101353210

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Abstract

A laboratory intercomparison of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) measurements of atmospheric particulate matter samples collected on quartz filters was conducted among eight participants of the ACE-Asia field experiment. The intercomparison took place in two stages:  the first round of the intercomparison was conducted when filter samples collected during the ACE-Asia experiment were being analyzed for OC and EC, and the second round was conducted after the ACE-Asia experiment and included selected samples from the ACE-Asia experiment. Each participant operated ECOC analyzers from the same manufacturer and utilized the same analysis protocol for their measurements. The precision of OC measurements of quartz fiber filters was a function of the filter's carbon loading but was found to be in the range of 4−13% for OC loadings of 1.0−25 μg of C cm^(-2). For measurements of EC, the precision was found to be in the range of 6−21% for EC loadings in the range of 0.7−8.4 μg of C cm^(-2). It was demonstrated for three ambient samples, four source samples, and three complex mixtures of organic compounds that the relative amount of total evolved carbon allocated as OC and EC (i.e., the ECOC split) is sensitive to the temperature program used for analysis, and the magnitude of the sensitivity is dependent on the types of aerosol particles collected. The fraction of elemental carbon measured in wood smoke and an extract of organic compounds from a wood smoke sample were sensitive to the temperature program used for the ECOC analysis. The ECOC split for the three ambient samples and a coal fly ash sample showed moderate sensitivity to temperature program, while a carbon black sample and a sample of secondary organic aerosol were measured to have the same split of OC and EC with all temperature programs that were examined.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es020622fDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es020622fPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Seinfeld, J. H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Flagan, R. C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Huebert, B. J.0000-0001-7711-0468
Bertram, T.0000-0002-3026-7588
Additional Information:© 2003 American Chemical Society. Received for review February 27, 2002. Revised manuscript received December 4, 2002. Accepted December 9, 2002. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) as part of the ACE-Asia experiment. The University of Wisconsin-Madison was supported under NSF Grant 0080814. We thank Dr. Jay Turner and the operations staff at the St. Louis Supersite for assistance in collection of the St. Louis samples and Dr. Mike Hannigan for assistance in the collection of the Denver sample.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSF0080814
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-101353210
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-101353210
Official Citation:ACE-Asia Intercomparison of a Thermal-Optical Method for the Determination of Particle-Phase Organic and Elemental Carbon J. J. Schauer, B. T. Mader, J. T. DeMinter, G. Heidemann, M. S. Bae, J. H. Seinfeld, R. C. Flagan, R. A. Cary, D. Smith, B. J. Huebert, T. Bertram, S. Howell, J. T. Kline, P. Quinn, T. Bates, B. Turpin, H. J. Lim, J. Z. Yu, H. Yang, and M. D. Keywood Environmental Science & Technology 2003 37 (5), 993-1001 DOI: 10.1021/es020622f
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59698
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Irina Meininger
Deposited On:20 Aug 2015 19:37
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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