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Effect of Angle of Attack on the Performance of an Airborne Counterflow Virtual Impactor

Chen, Junhong and Conant, William C. and Rissman, Tracey A. and Flagan, Richard C. and Seinfeld, John H. (2005) Effect of Angle of Attack on the Performance of an Airborne Counterflow Virtual Impactor. Aerosol Science and Technology, 39 (6). pp. 485-491. ISSN 0278-6826. doi:10.1080/027868290964838.

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A three-dimensional model has been developed within the framework of the commercial computational fluid dynamics program, FLUENT®, to investigate the collection efficiency of an airborne counterflow virtual impactor (CVI). The model assumes steady-state, isothermal, compressible, and turbulent flow. Particle trajectories are computed based on the Lagrangian discrete phase model (DPM). In addition to predicting the effects of flight velocity and counterflow rate on the particle collection efficiency, as do prior models, the model quantifies the effect of flight attack angle on the particle collection efficiency. With an angle of attack as small as 5°, the CVI collection efficiency drastically degrades at large particle sizes, and only particles with intermediate sizes are collected. Smaller particles do not have sufficient inertia to fight the counterflow, and larger particles tend to impact the CVI inner walls and are lost to the CVI walls. The modeling results show that the alignment between the free stream flow and the CVI inlet is critical to the performance of the CVI.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 2005 American Association for Aerosol Research. Received 29 October 2004; accepted 8 April 2005.
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-103220235
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59711
Deposited By: Irina Meininger
Deposited On:19 Aug 2015 23:44
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:24

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