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Measurements of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Oxidation of Cycloalkenes, Terpenes, and m-Xylene Using an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer

Bahreini, R. and Keywood, M. D. and Ng, N. L. and Varutbangkul, V. and Gao, S. and Flagan, R. C. and Seinfeld, J. H. and Worsnop, D. R. and Jimenez, J. L. (2005) Measurements of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Oxidation of Cycloalkenes, Terpenes, and m-Xylene Using an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer. Environmental Science and Technology, 39 (15). pp. 5674-5688. ISSN 0013-936X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-103607449

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Abstract

he Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) was used to characterize physical and chemical properties of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed during ozonolysis of cycloalkenes and biogenic hydrocarbons and photooxidation of m-xylene. Comparison of mass and volume distributions from the AMS and differential mobility analyzers yielded estimates of “effective” density of the SOA in the range of 0.64−1.45 g/cm^3, depending on the particular system. Increased contribution of the fragment at m/z 44, CO_2^+ ion fragment of oxygenated organics, and higher “Δ” values, based on ion series analysis of the mass spectra, in nucleation experiments of cycloalkenes suggest greater contribution of more oxygenated molecules to the SOA as compared to those formed under seeded experiments. Dominant negative “Δ” values of SOA formed during ozonolysis of biogenics indicates the presence of terpene derivative structures or cyclic or unsaturated oxygenated compounds in the SOA. Evidence of acid-catalyzed heterogeneous chemistry, characterized by greater contribution of higher molecular weight fragments to the SOA and corresponding changes in “Δ” patterns, is observed in the ozonolysis of α-pinene. Mass spectra of SOA formed during photooxidation of m-xylene exhibit features consistent with the presence of furandione compounds and nitro organics. This study demonstrates that mixtures of SOA compounds produced from similar precursors result in broadly similar AMS mass spectra. Thus, fragmentation patterns observed for biogenic versus anthropogenic SOA may be useful in determining the sources of ambient SOA.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es048061aDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es048061aPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Ng, N. L.0000-0001-8460-4765
Gao, S.0000-0001-7427-6681
Flagan, R. C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, J. H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Worsnop, D. R.0000-0002-8928-8017
Jimenez, J. L.0000-0001-6203-1847
Additional Information:© 2005 American Chemical Society. Received for review December 7, 2004. Revised manuscript received April 27, 2005. Accepted May 19, 2005. This research was funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science to Achieve Results (STAR) Program grant number RD-83107501-0, managed by EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Center for Environmental Research (NCER), U.S. Department of Energy Biological and Environmental Research Program DE-FG03-01ER63099, and by the National Science Foundation grant ATM-0340832. We thank J. D. Allan (UMIST) for fundamental AMS data analysis software, M. R. Canagaratna and T. Onasch (Aerodyne Research, Inc.) for developing the software for ion series analysis of AMS data, and F. Brechtel (Caltech and Brechtel Manufacturing Inc.) for helpful discussions.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)RD-83107501-0
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG03-01ER63099
NSFATM-0340832
Issue or Number:15
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-103607449
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150818-103607449
Official Citation:Measurements of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Oxidation of Cycloalkenes, Terpenes, and m-Xylene Using an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer R. Bahreini, M. D. Keywood, N. L. Ng, V. Varutbangkul, S. Gao, R. C. Flagan, J. H. Seinfeld, D. R. Worsnop, and J. L. Jimenez Environmental Science & Technology 2005 39 (15), 5674-5688 DOI: 10.1021/es048061a
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59712
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Irina Meininger
Deposited On:19 Aug 2015 23:05
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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