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Thermodynamic, kinetic, and extrathermodynamic considerations in the development of equilibrium models for aquatic systems

Hoffmann, Michael R. (1981) Thermodynamic, kinetic, and extrathermodynamic considerations in the development of equilibrium models for aquatic systems. Environmental Science and Technology, 15 (3). pp. 345-353. ISSN 0013-936X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150820-144458862

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Abstract

Thermodynamic and kinetic criteria are examined for the general application of equilibrium models to dynamic natural waters. The hypolimnion of a dimictic lake is used as a specific example. The majority of chemical reactions given consideration in equilibrium models are shown to be kinetically rapid in comparison to the chemical residence times in hypolimnetic waters. Extrathermodynamic relationships are explored as a method for extrapolating kinetic and thermodynamic constants from a limited set of experimental data.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00085a012DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es00085a012PublisherArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/es00085a012Related ItemSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Hoffmann, Michael R.0000-0001-6495-1946
Additional Information:© 1981 American Chemical Society. Received for review August 16, 1979. Accepted November 13, 1980.
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150820-144458862
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150820-144458862
Official Citation:Thermodynamic, kinetic, and extrathermodynamic considerations in the development of equilibrium models for aquatic systems Michael R. Hoffmann Environmental Science & Technology 1981 15 (3), 345-353 DOI: 10.1021/es00085a012
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59795
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:21 Aug 2015 18:35
Last Modified:03 Mar 2020 13:01

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