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Social functioning and autonomic nervous system sensitivity across vocal and musical emotion in Williams syndrome and autism spectrum disorder

Järvinen, Anna and Ng, Rowena and Crivelli, Davide and Neumann, Dirk and Arnold, Andrew J. and Woo-VonHoogenstyn, Nicholas and Lai, Philip and Trauner, Doris and Bellugi, Ursula (2016) Social functioning and autonomic nervous system sensitivity across vocal and musical emotion in Williams syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Developmental Psychobiology, 58 (1). pp. 17-26. ISSN 0012-1630. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150824-131121312

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Abstract

Both Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with unusual auditory phenotypes with respect to processing vocal and musical stimuli, which may be shaped by the atypical social profiles that characterize the syndromes. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) reactivity to vocal and musical emotional stimuli was examined in 12 children with WS, 17 children with ASD, and 20 typically developing (TD) children, and related to their level of social functioning. The results of this small-scale study showed that after controlling for between-group differences in cognitive ability, all groups showed similar emotion identification performance across conditions. Additionally, in ASD, lower autonomic reactivity to human voice, and in TD, to musical emotion, was related to more normal social functioning. Compared to TD, both clinical groups showed increased arousal to vocalizations. A further result highlighted uniquely increased arousal to music in WS, contrasted with a decrease in arousal in ASD and TD. The ASD and WS groups exhibited arousal patterns suggestive of diminished habituation to the auditory stimuli. The results are discussed in the context of the clinical presentation of WS and ASD.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dev.21335DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/dev.21335/abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Trauner, Doris0000-0002-6782-6056
Additional Information:© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Manuscript Received: 16 September 2014; Manuscript Accepted: 6 July 2015; Article first published online: 6 AUG 2015.
Subject Keywords:auditory processing; autism spectrum disorder; autonomic nervous system; emotion; music; social behavior; vocalizations; Williams syndrome
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150824-131121312
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150824-131121312
Official Citation:Järvinen, A., Ng, R., Crivelli, D., Neumann, D., Arnold, A. J., Woo-VonHoogenstyn, N., Lai, P., Trauner, D. and Bellugi, U. (2016), Social functioning and autonomic nervous system sensitivity across vocal and musical emotion in Williams syndrome and autism spectrum disorder. Dev. Psychobiol., 58: 17–26. doi: 10.1002/dev.21335
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:59852
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Aug 2015 22:58
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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