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Planck 2015 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results

Adam, R. and Bock, J. J. and Crill, B. P. and Doré, O. and Helou, G. and Hildebrandt, S. R. and Mei, S. and Pearson, T. J. and Prézeau, G. and Rocha, G. and Seiffert, M. D. and Chary, R.-R. and McGehee, P. and Paladini, R. and Pelkonen, V.-M. and Rusholme, B. (2016) Planck 2015 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 594 . Art. No. A1. ISSN 0004-6361.

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The European Space Agency’s Planck satellite, which is dedicated to studying the early Universe and its subsequent evolution, was launched on 14 May 2009. It scanned the microwave and submillimetre sky continuously between 12 August 2009 and 23 October 2013. In February 2015, ESA and the Planck Collaboration released the second set of cosmology products based ondata from the entire Planck mission, including both temperature and polarization, along with a set of scientific and technical papers and a web-based explanatory supplement. This paper gives an overview of the main characteristics of the data and the data products in the release, as well as the associated cosmological and astrophysical science results and papers. The data products include maps of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), the thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect, diffuse foregrounds in temperature and polarization, catalogues of compact Galactic and extragalactic sources (including separate catalogues of Sunyaev-Zeldovich clusters and Galactic cold clumps), and extensive simulations of signals and noise used in assessing uncertainties and the performance of the analysis methods. The likelihood code used to assess cosmological models against the Planck data is described, along with a CMB lensing likelihood. Scientific results include cosmological parameters derived from CMB power spectra, gravitational lensing, and cluster counts, as well as constraints on inflation, non-Gaussianity, primordial magnetic fields, dark energy, and modified gravity, and new results on low-frequency Galactic foregrounds.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bock, J. J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Crill, B. P.0000-0002-4650-8518
Doré, O.0000-0002-5009-7563
Helou, G.0000-0003-3367-3415
Mei, S.0000-0002-2849-559X
Pearson, T. J.0000-0001-5213-6231
Rocha, G.0000-0002-4150-8076
Chary, R.-R.0000-0001-7583-0621
McGehee, P.0000-0003-0948-6716
Paladini, R.0000-0002-5158-243X
Pelkonen, V.-M.0000-0002-8898-1047
Rusholme, B.0000-0001-7648-4142
Additional Information:© 2016 ESO. Received 1 August 2015; Accepted 18 January 2016; Published online 20 September 2016. Planck is a project of the European Space Agency in cooperation with the scientific community, which started in 1993. ESA led the project, developed the satellite, integrated the payload into it, and launched and operated the satellite. Two Consortia, comprising around 100 scientific institutes within Europe, the USA, and Canada, and funded by agencies from the participating countries, developed and operated the scientific instruments LFI and HFI. The Consortia are also responsible for scientific processing of the acquired data. The Consortia are led by the Principal Investigators: J.-L. Puget in France for HFI (funded principally by CNES and CNRS/INSU-IN2P3) and N. Mandolesi in Italy for LFI (funded principally via ASI). NASA’s US Planck Project, based at JPL and involving scientists at many US institutions, contributes significantly to the efforts of these two Consortia. A third Consortium, led by H.U. Norgaard-Nielsen and supported by the Danish Natural Research Council, contributed to the reflector programme. These three Consortia, together with ESA’s Planck Science Office, form the Planck Collaboration. A description of the Planck Collaboration and a list of its members, indicating which technical or scientific activities they have been involved in, can be found at The Planck Collaboration acknowledges the support of: ESA; CNES and CNRS/INSU-IN2P3-INP (France); ASI, CNR, and INAF (Italy); NASA and DoE (USA); STFC and UKSA (UK); CSIC, MINECO, JA, and RES (Spain); Tekes, AoF, and CSC (Finland); DLR and MPG (Germany); CSA (Canada); DTU Space (Denmark); SER/SSO (Switzerland); RCN (Norway); SFI (Ireland); FCT/MCTES (Portugal); ERC and PRACE (EU). We thank Diego Falceta-Gonçalves for providing the technique for making the line-integral-convolution maps presented in Figs. 23 and 25.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Centre National D'études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)UNSPECIFIED
Danish Natural Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
European Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National du Patrimoine (INP)UNSPECIFIED
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)UNSPECIFIED
Junta de AndalucíaUNSPECIFIED
Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes)UNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Finnish IT Center for Science (CSC)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)UNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG)UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
Institut for Rumforskning og Rumteknologi (DTU Space)UNSPECIFIED
State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SER)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss Space Office (SSO)UNSPECIFIED
Research Council of Norway (RCN)UNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation, IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
Ministro da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior (MCTES)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:cosmology: observations – cosmic background radiation – surveys – space vehicles: instruments – instrumentation: detectors
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150917-084452506
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Planck 2015 results - I. Overview of products and scientific results Planck Collaboration, R. Adam, P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, Y. Akrami, M. I. R. Alves, F. Argüeso, M. Arnaud, F. Arroja, M. Ashdown, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, M. Ballardini, A. J. Banday, R. B. Barreiro, J. G. Bartlett, N. Bartolo, S. Basak, P. Battaglia, E. Battaner, R. Battye, K. Benabed, A. Benoît, A. Benoit-Lévy, J.-P. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, B. Bertincourt, P. Bielewicz, I. Bikmaev, J. J. Bock, H. Böhringer, A. Bonaldi, L. Bonavera, J. R. Bond, J. Borrill, F. R. Bouchet, F. Boulanger, M. Bucher, R. Burenin, C. Burigana, R. C. Butler, E. Calabrese, J.-F. Cardoso, P. Carvalho, B. Casaponsa, G. Castex, A. Catalano, A. Challinor, A. Chamballu, R.-R. Chary, H. C. Chiang, J. Chluba, G. Chon, P. R. Christensen, S. Church, M. Clemens, D. L. Clements, S. Colombi, L. P. L. Colombo, C. Combet, B. Comis, D. Contreras, F. Couchot, A. Coulais, B. P. Crill, M. Cruz, A. Curto, F. Cuttaia, L. Danese, R. D. Davies, R. J. Davis, P. de Bernardis, A. de Rosa, G. de Zotti, J. Delabrouille, J.-M. Delouis, F.-X. Désert, E. Di Valentino, C. Dickinson, J. M. Diego, K. Dolag, H. Dole, S. Donzelli, O. Doré, M. Douspis, A. Ducout, J. Dunkley, X. Dupac, G. Efstathiou, P. R. M. Eisenhardt, F. Elsner, T. A. Enßlin, H. K. Eriksen, E. Falgarone, Y. Fantaye, M. Farhang, S. Feeney, J. Fergusson, R. Fernandez-Cobos, F. Feroz, F. Finelli, E. Florido, O. Forni, M. Frailis, A. A. Fraisse, C. Franceschet, E. Franceschi, A. Frejsel, A. Frolov, S. Galeotta, S. Galli, K. Ganga, C. Gauthier, R. T. Génova-Santos, M. Gerbino, T. Ghosh, M. Giard, Y. Giraud-Héraud, E. Giusarma, E. Gjerløw, J. González-Nuevo, K. M. Górski, K. J. B. Grainge, S. Gratton, A. Gregorio, A. Gruppuso, J. E. Gudmundsson, J. Hamann, W. Handley, F. K. Hansen, D. Hanson, D. L. Harrison, A. Heavens, G. Helou, S. Henrot-Versillé, C. Hernández-Monteagudo, D. Herranz, S. R. Hildebrandt, E. Hivon, M. Hobson, W. A. Holmes, A. Hornstrup, W. Hovest, Z. Huang, K. M. Huffenberger, G. Hurier, S. Ilić, A. H. Jaffe, T. R. Jaffe, T. Jin, W. C. Jones, M. Juvela, A. Karakci, E. Keihänen, R. Keskitalo, I. Khamitov, K. Kiiveri, J. Kim, T. S. Kisner, R. Kneissl, J. Knoche, L. Knox, N. Krachmalnicoff, M. Kunz, H. Kurki-Suonio, F. Lacasa, G. Lagache, A. Lähteenmäki, J.-M. Lamarre, M. Langer, A. Lasenby, M. Lattanzi, C. R. Lawrence, M. Le Jeune, J. P. Leahy, E. Lellouch, R. Leonardi, J. León-Tavares, J. Lesgourgues, F. Levrier, A. Lewis, M. Liguori, P. B. Lilje, M. Lilley, M. Linden-Vørnle, V. Lindholm, H. Liu, M. López-Caniego, P. M. Lubin, Y.-Z. Ma, J. F. Macías-Pérez, G. Maggio, D. Maino, D. S. Y. Mak, N. Mandolesi, A. Mangilli, A. Marchini, A. Marcos-Caballero, D. Marinucci, M. Maris, D. J. Marshall, P. G. Martin, M. Martinelli, E. Martínez-González, S. Masi, S. Matarrese, P. Mazzotta, J. D. McEwen, P. McGehee, S. Mei, P. R. Meinhold, A. Melchiorri, J.-B. Melin, L. Mendes, A. Mennella, M. Migliaccio, K. Mikkelsen, M. Millea, S. Mitra, M.-A. Miville-Deschênes, D. Molinari, A. Moneti, L. Montier, R. Moreno, G. Morgante, D. Mortlock, A. Moss, S. Mottet, M. Münchmeyer, D. Munshi, J. A. Murphy, A. Narimani, P. Naselsky, A. Nastasi, F. Nati, P. Natoli, M. Negrello, C. B. Netterfield, H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen, F. Noviello, D. Novikov, I. Novikov, M. Olamaie, N. Oppermann, E. Orlando, C. A. Oxborrow, F. Paci, L. Pagano, F. Pajot, R. Paladini, S. Pandolfi, D. Paoletti, B. Partridge, F. Pasian, G. Patanchon, T. J. Pearson, M. Peel, H. V. Peiris, V.-M. Pelkonen, O. Perdereau, L. Perotto, Y. C. Perrott, F. Perrotta, V. Pettorino, F. Piacentini, M. Piat, E. Pierpaoli, D. Pietrobon, S. Plaszczynski, D. Pogosyan, E. Pointecouteau, G. Polenta, L. Popa, G. W. Pratt, G. Prézeau, S. Prunet, J.-L. Puget, J. P. Rachen, B. Racine, W. T. Reach, R. Rebolo, M. Reinecke, M. Remazeilles, C. Renault, A. Renzi, I. Ristorcelli, G. Rocha, M. Roman, E. Romelli, C. Rosset, M. Rossetti, A. Rotti, G. Roudier, B. Rouillé d’Orfeuil, M. Rowan-Robinson, J. A. Rubiño-Martín, B. Ruiz-Granados, C. Rumsey, B. Rusholme, N. Said, V. Salvatelli, L. Salvati, M. Sandri, H. S. Sanghera, D. Santos, R. D. E. Saunders, A. Sauvé, M. Savelainen, G. Savini, B. M. Schaefer, M. P. Schammel, D. Scott, M. D. Seiffert, P. Serra, E. P. S. Shellard, T. W. Shimwell, M. Shiraishi, K. Smith, T. Souradeep, L. D. Spencer, M. Spinelli, S. A. Stanford, D. Stern, V. Stolyarov, R. Stompor, A. W. Strong, R. Sudiwala, R. Sunyaev, P. Sutter, D. Sutton, A.-S. Suur-Uski, J.-F. Sygnet, J. A. Tauber, D. Tavagnacco, L. Terenzi, D. Texier, L. Toffolatti, M. Tomasi, M. Tornikoski, D. Tramonte, M. Tristram, A. Troja, T. Trombetti, M. Tucci, J. Tuovinen, M. Türler, G. Umana, L. Valenziano, J. Valiviita, F. Van Tent, T. Vassallo, L. Vibert, M. Vidal, M. Viel, P. Vielva, F. Villa, L. A. Wade, B. Walter, B. D. Wandelt, R. Watson, I. K. Wehus, N. Welikala, J. Weller, M. White, S. D. M. White, A. Wilkinson, D. Yvon, A. Zacchei, J. P. Zibin and A. Zonca A&A, 594 (2016) A1 DOI:
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ID Code:60299
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:17 Sep 2015 21:08
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:19

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