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Fractal atomic-level percolation in metallic glasses

Chen, David Z. and Shi, Crystal Y. and An, Qi and Zeng, Qiaoshi and Mao, Wendy L. and Goddard, William A., III and Greer, Julia R. (2015) Fractal atomic-level percolation in metallic glasses. Science, 349 (6254). pp. 1306-1310. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150918-110856646

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Abstract

Metallic glasses are metallic alloys that exhibit exotic material properties. They may have fractal structures at the atomic level, but a physical mechanism for their organization without ordering has not been identified. We demonstrated a crossover between fractal short-range (<2 atomic diameters) and homogeneous long-range structures using in situ x-ray diffraction, tomography, and molecular dynamics simulations. A specific class of fractal, the percolation cluster, explains the structural details for several metallic-glass compositions. We postulate that atoms percolate in the liquid phase and that the percolating cluster becomes rigid at the glass transition temperature.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aab1233 DOIArticle
https://www.sciencemag.org/content/349/6254/1306.shortPublisherArticle
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/349/6254/1306/suppl/DC1PublisherSupplemental Material
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
An, Qi0000-0003-4838-6232
Goddard, William A., III0000-0003-0097-5716
Greer, Julia R.0000-0002-9675-1508
Additional Information:© 2015 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received for publication 14 March 2015. Accepted for publication 31 July 2015. Diffraction data and simulated RDFs are available as supplementary materials. The authors thank D. C. Hofmann for providing the Cu_(46)Zr_(46)Al_5Be_3 wires and Y. Lin for her aid in sample loading. The authors acknowledge the financial support of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences (DOE-BES) and NASA’s Space Technology Research Grants Program (Early Career Faculty grants to J.R.G.). W.L.M. and C.Y.S. acknowledge support from NSF grant EAR-1055454. Q.Z. acknowledges support from DOE-BES (grant DE-FG02-99ER45775) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant U1530402). Portions of this work were performed at the High Pressure Collaborative Access Team (HPCAT) of the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory. HPCAT operations are supported by DOE’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) under award no. DE-NA0001974 and by DOE-BES under award no. DE-FG02-99ER45775, with partial instrumentation funding by NSF grant MRI-1126249. APS is supported by DOE-BES under contract no. DE-AC02-06CH11357. Portions of this research were carried out at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, a directorate of SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and an Office of Science User Facility operated for DOE by Stanford University. Some computations were carried out on the Shared Heterogeneous Cluster computers (Caltech Center for Advanced Computing Research) provided by the NNSA Predictive Science Academic Alliance Program at Caltech (grant DE-FC52-08NA28613) and on the NSF Center for Science and Engineering of Materials computer cluster (grant DMR-0520565). Q.A. and W.A.G. received support from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency–Army Research Office (grant W31P4Q-13-1-0010) and NSF (grant DMR-1436985). This material is based on work supported by an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship (grant DGE-1144469). Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of NSF.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASAUNSPECIFIED
NSFEAR-1055454
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-99ER45775
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaU1530402
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-NA0001974
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-99ER45775
NSFMRI-1126249
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-06CH11357
Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security AdministrationDE-FC52-08NA28613
NSFDMR-0520565
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)W31P4Q-13-1-0010
NSFDMR-1436985
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1144469
Army Research Office (ARO)UNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150918-110856646
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150918-110856646
Official Citation:Fractal atomic-level percolation in metallic glasses David Z. Chen, Crystal Y. Shi, Qi An, Qiaoshi Zeng, Wendy L. Mao, William A. Goddard III, and Julia R. Greer Science 18 September 2015: 349 (6254), 1306-1310. [DOI:10.1126/science.aab1233]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:60322
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Kristin Buxton
Deposited On:18 Sep 2015 18:32
Last Modified:20 Dec 2016 19:27

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