A Caltech Library Service

Three-dimensional photovoltaics

Myers, Bryan and Bernardi, Marco and Grossman, Jeffrey C. (2010) Three-dimensional photovoltaics. Applied Physics Letters, 96 (7). Art. No. 071902. ISSN 0003-6951. doi:10.1063/1.3308490.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The concept of three-dimensional (3D) photovoltaics is explored computationally using a genetic algorithm to optimize the energy production in a day for arbitrarily shaped 3D solar cells confined to a given area footprint and total volume. Our simulations demonstrate that the performance of 3D photovoltaic structures scales linearly with height, leading to volumetric energy conversion, and provides power fairly evenly throughout the day. Furthermore, we show that optimal 3D structures are not simple box-like shapes, and that design attributes such as reflectivity could be optimized using three-dimensionality.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Bernardi, Marco0000-0001-7289-9666
Grossman, Jeffrey C.0000-0003-1281-2359
Additional Information:© 2010 American Institute of Physics. Received 15 November 2009; accepted 11 January 2010; published online 16 February 2010. This work was supported in part by NSF through the Network for Computational Nanotechnology, Grant No. EEC-0634750. We are grateful to Professor Vladimir Bulovic for helpful discussions.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150923-123337338
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Three-dimensional photovoltaics Myers, Bryan and Bernardi, Marco and Grossman, Jeffrey C., Applied Physics Letters, 96, 071902 (2010), DOI:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:60439
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Sep 2015 19:45
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page