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Chemically Specific Dynamic Bond Percolation Model for Ion Transport in Polymer Electrolytes

Webb, Michael A. and Savoie, Brett M. and Wang, Zhen-Gang and Miller, Thomas F., III (2015) Chemically Specific Dynamic Bond Percolation Model for Ion Transport in Polymer Electrolytes. Macromolecules, 48 (19). pp. 7346-7358. ISSN 0024-9297. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150929-202516731

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Abstract

We introduce a coarse-grained approach for characterizing the long-timescale dynamics of ion diffusion in general polymer electrolytes using input from short molecular dynamics trajectories. The approach includes aspects of the dynamic bond percolation model [ J. Chem. Phys. 1983, 79, 3133−3142] by treating ion diffusion in terms of hopping transitions on a fluctuating lattice. We extend this well-known approach by using short (i.e., 10 ns) molecular dynamics (MD) trajectories to predict the distribution of ion solvation sites that comprise the lattice and to predict the rate of hopping among the lattice sites. This yields a chemically specific dynamic bond percolation (CS-DBP) model that enables the description of long-timescale ion diffusion in polymer electrolytes at a computational cost that makes feasible the screening of candidate materials. We employ the new model to characterize lithium-ion diffusion properties in six polyethers that differ by oxygen content and backbone stiffness: poly(trimethylene oxide), poly(ethylene oxide-alt-trimethylene oxide), poly(ethylene oxide), poly(propylene oxide), poly(ethylene oxide-alt-methylene oxide), and poly(methylene oxide). Good agreement is observed between the predictions of the CS-DBP model and long-timescale atomistic MD simulations, thus providing validation of the model. Among the most striking results from this analysis is the unexpectedly good lithium-ion diffusivity of poly(trimethylene oxide-alt-ethylene oxide) by comparison to poly(ethylene oxide), which is widely used. Additionally, the model straightforwardly reveals a range of polymer features that lead to low lithium-ion diffusivity, including the competing effects of the density of solvation sites and polymer stiffness. These results illustrate the potential of the CS-DBP model to screen polymer electrolytes on the basis of ion diffusivity and to identify important design criteria.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01437PublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01437DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01437PublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Webb, Michael A.0000-0002-7420-4474
Savoie, Brett M.0000-0002-7039-4039
Wang, Zhen-Gang0000-0002-3361-6114
Miller, Thomas F., III0000-0002-1882-5380
Additional Information:© 2015 American Chemical Society. Received: June 30, 2015; Revised: August 12, 2015; Published online: September 25, 2015. This research was supported by the Resnick Sustainability Institute and the National Science Foundation under DMREF Award NSF-CHE-1335486. We acknowledge computing resources from the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (DE-AC02-05CH11231). Additionally, we thank Umi Yamamoto, Geoffrey Coates, and Nitash Balsara for helpful discussions. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Group:Resnick Sustainability Institute
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Resnick Sustainability InstituteUNSPECIFIED
NSFCHE-1335486
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150929-202516731
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150929-202516731
Official Citation:Chemically Specific Dynamic Bond Percolation Model for Ion Transport in Polymer Electrolytes Michael A. Webb, Brett M. Savoie, Zhen-Gang Wang, and Thomas F. Miller III Macromolecules 2015 48 (19), 7346-7358 DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.5b01437
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:60596
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:30 Sep 2015 04:19
Last Modified:20 Mar 2019 19:45

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