A Caltech Library Service

Combustion characteristics of carbonaceous residues from heavy oil fired boilers

Northrop, P. Scott and Levendis, Yiannis A. and Gavalas, George R. (1991) Combustion characteristics of carbonaceous residues from heavy oil fired boilers. Energy and Fuels, 5 (4). pp. 587-594. ISSN 1520-5029. doi:10.1021/ef00028a010.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The combustion of solid carbonaceous particles generated in residual oil-fired furnaces has been investigated. These particles are large ash-rich cenospheres that are not completely burned in the furnace and end up in the effluent gases, creating problems associated with both emissions and reduced operating efficiency. To study the reactivity of these chars, single-particle combustion experiments were conducted where the particle temperature and burnout times were measured by near-infrared two-color pyrometry. The results show that the particle temperature-burn time traces exhibited higher particle-to-particle variability than those of coal-derived char particles, but the overall burnout times were of the same order of magnitude as coal chars of similar size. Taking into account random particle-to-particle property variations, and using a particle combustion model, reaction rate parameters were estimated. Two limiting forms of the model were used for this estimation. The first assumed the particles to burn as shrinking cores, with all reaction concentrated very near the external particle surface. The second assumed the particles to burn at constant radius, with increasing void fraction. Using first-order kinetics, the shrinking core model gave an average apparent activation energy of about 18 kcal/(g mol), with a corresponding average preexponential factor of approximately 37 g/(cm^2 s atm of O_2. These values are similar to the respective parameters estimated for lignite and bituminous chars burned under similar conditions, indicating that these particles can be burned at temperatures and residence times similar to those existing in coal-fired furnaces. The constant radius model gave an intrinsic activation energy of 40 kcal/(g mol), with a preexponential factor of 550 g/(cm^2 s atm of O_2). The constant radius model gave a slightly better fit to the experimental data.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Gavalas, George R.0000-0003-1468-6835
Additional Information:© 1991 American Chemical Society. Received October 26, 1990. Revised Manuscript Received February 21, 1991. This work was supported by DOE Office of Energy Utilization Research, ECUT program. Helpful technical discussions with P. F. Massier and R. C. Flagan are acknowledged.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151008-112329475
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Combustion characteristics of carbonaceous residues from heavy oil fired boilers P. Scott Northrop, Yiannis A. Levendis, and George R. Gavalas Energy & Fuels 1991 5 (4), 587-594 DOI: 10.1021/ef00028a010
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:60895
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:19 Oct 2015 15:28
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:41

Repository Staff Only: item control page