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Electron Transfer in Intermetallic Compounds

Pauling, Linus (1950) Electron Transfer in Intermetallic Compounds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 36 (10). pp. 533-538. ISSN 0027-8424.

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In our discussions of the electronic structure of intermetallic compounds during the last three years brief mention has been made from time to time of the phenomenon of electron transfer [1-3]. The interpretation of the observed interatomic distances in many metallic phases seems to require the assumption that electron transfer has taken place; an example is Al9Co2, for which the distances [4] support the charge distribution [5] Al-2/99Co2+1. The indication by physical properties of a filled-Brillouin-zone structure for FerZn21 also led to the suggestion of electron transfer [2]: about 1/4 electron is indicated to have been removed from each zinc atom and about one electron added to each iron atom. In this paper it is pointed out that the analysis of interatomic distances shows that electron transfer takes place in a great many interatomic compounds, and that the numbers of electrons involved are reasonable, in relation to the changes in valence resulting from loss or gain of electrons and to the partial ionic character of the bonds between unlike atoms and the striving of atoms toward electroneutrality.

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Additional Information:Copyright © 1950 by the National Academy of Sciences Communicated August 21, 1950 I thank Dr. F. J. Ewing for assistance in this study, and the Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corporation for financial aid. Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry, Contribution No. 1454
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:PAUpnas50
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6176
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:27 Nov 2006
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 23:30

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