A Caltech Library Service

Quark Catalysis of Exothermal Nuclear Reactions

Zweig, George (1978) Quark Catalysis of Exothermal Nuclear Reactions. Science, 201 (4360). pp. 973-979. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.201.4360.973.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


This article discusses circumstances under which free quarks catalyze exothermal nuclear reactions. It also presents possible methods for removing quarks sequestered by nuclear reaction products. Stable quarks that are negatively charged and significantly heavier than electrons attract positively charged nuclei to form new states of matter. The nuclei and quarks are closely bound, and presumably interact through both electromagnetic and nuclear forces. Nuclear fusion and fission are possible, as well as a new class of plural reactions in which either a quark isobar, isotope, or isotone is created in each individual reaction, with catalysis resulting in the overall system because the net transfer of charge, neutrons, or protons to the quarks is zero. The quark with quantum numbers of üü is a promising catalytic candidate. A satisfactory understanding of which reactions are or are not possible awaits the isolation of free quarks and a description of their strong interactions with matter. Finally, other kinds of stable negatively charged particles (such as heavy leptons), if discovered, can catalyze deuterium fusion reactions if thermal neutrons are used to liberate He3-bound catalytic particles.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 1978 American Association for the Advancement of Science. I thank Murray Gell-Mann, who asked if a quark of charge -2/3, like a μ-, could make nuclei fuse. I am also grateful to Thomas Kiley for his interest and penchant for the practical.
Issue or Number:4360
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151110-144134212
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Quark Catalysis of Exothermal Nuclear Reactions George Zweig Science 15 September 1978: 201 (4360), 973-979. [DOI:10.1126/science.201.4360.973]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:62040
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Nov 2015 19:17
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 22:57

Repository Staff Only: item control page