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Pervasive remagnetization of detrital zircon host rocks in the Jack Hills, Western Australia and implications for records of the early geodynamo

Weiss, Benjamin P. and Maloof, Adam C. and Tailby, Nicholas and Ramezani, Jahandar and Fu, Roger R. and Hanus, Veronica and Trail, Dustin and Watson, E. Bruce and Harrison, T. Mark and Bowring, Samuel A. and Kirschvink, Joseph L. and Swanson-Hysell, Nicholas L. and Coe, Robert S. (2015) Pervasive remagnetization of detrital zircon host rocks in the Jack Hills, Western Australia and implications for records of the early geodynamo. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430 . pp. 115-128. ISSN 0012-821X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151112-134718106

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Abstract

It currently is unknown when Earth's dynamo magnetic field originated. Paleomagnetic studies indicate that a field with an intensity similar to that of the present day existed 3.5 billion years ago (Ga). Detrital zircon crystals found in the Jack Hills of Western Australia are some of the very few samples known to substantially predate this time. With crystallization ages ranging from 3.0–4.38 Ga, these zircons might preserve a record of the missing first billion years of Earth's magnetic field history. However, a key unknown is the age and origin of magnetization in the Jack Hills zircons. The identification of >3.9 Ga (i.e., Hadean) field records requires first establishing that the zircons have avoided remagnetization since being deposited in quartz-rich conglomerates at 2.65–3.05 Ga. To address this issue, we have conducted paleomagnetic conglomerate, baked contact, and fold tests in combination with U–Pb geochronology to establish the timing of the metamorphic and alteration events and the peak temperatures experienced by the zircon host rocks. These tests include the first conglomerate test directly on the Hadean-zircon bearing conglomerate at Erawandoo Hill. Although we observed little evidence for remagnetization by recent lightning strikes, we found that the Hadean zircon-bearing rocks and surrounding region have been pervasively remagnetized, with the final major overprinting likely due to thermal and/or aqueous effects from the emplacement of the Warakurna large igneous province at ∼1070 million years ago (Ma). Although localized regions of the Jack Hills might have escaped complete remagnetization, there currently is no robust evidence for pre-depositional (>3.0 Ga) magnetization in the Jack Hills detrital zircons.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.07.067DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X15005105PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kirschvink, Joseph L.0000-0001-9486-6689
Swanson-Hysell, Nicholas L.0000-0003-3215-4648
Coe, Robert S.0000-0003-3225-4235
Additional Information:© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Received 11 May 2015; Received in revised form 29 July 2015; Accepted 30 July 2015; Available online 28 August 2015. We thank S. Mojzsis for introducing us to the Jack Hills in 2001, the Geological Survey of Western Australia for access to the Jack Hills Geoheritage Reserve, the residents and goat of Beringarra Station for logistical help, Crosslands Resources for showing us their iron ore mine, M. Wingate and R. Pidgeon for helpful discussions and logistical assistance, and D.A.D. Evans for helpful discussions on polar wander. We also thank M. Jackson from the Institute for Rock Magnetism and S. Ceballos, S. Bouma, and F. Hellman from U. C. Berkeley for assistance with magnetometry measurements, B. Carbone for administrative help, R. Bowens–Rubin for acquiring the EHJH5 measurements, and the NSF Early Concept Grants for Exploratory Research program grant EAR-1226293 for support. The UCLA ion microprobe facility is in part supported through a grant from NSF/EAR Instrument and Facilities Program. Partial support was also provided by the NASA Astrobiology Institute (grant NNA09DA80A to The New York Center for Astrobiology). We thank B. Buffett for editorial work and D.A.D. Evans and an anonymous reviewer for helpful reviews of the manuscript.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-1226293
NASANNA09DA80A
Subject Keywords:geodynamo; paleointensity; core; Jack Hills; detrital zircons; Hadean earth
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151112-134718106
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151112-134718106
Official Citation:Benjamin P. Weiss, Adam C. Maloof, Nicholas Tailby, Jahandar Ramezani, Roger R. Fu, Veronica Hanus, Dustin Trail, E. Bruce Watson, T. Mark Harrison, Samuel A. Bowring, Joseph L. Kirschvink, Nicholas L. Swanson-Hysell, Robert S. Coe, Pervasive remagnetization of detrital zircon host rocks in the Jack Hills, Western Australia and implications for records of the early geodynamo, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 430, 15 November 2015, Pages 115-128, ISSN 0012-821X, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.07.067. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012821X15005105)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:62075
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Nov 2015 18:10
Last Modified:24 Jan 2020 22:32

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