CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

The Detection of a Type IIn Supernova in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events

Aartsen, M. G. and Kulkarni, Shrinivas R. and Perley, Daniel A. and Barlow, Tom and Kasliwal, M. M. (2015) The Detection of a Type IIn Supernova in Optical Follow-up Observations of IceCube Neutrino Events. Astrophysical Journal, 811 (1). Art. No. 52. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151202-140807740

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

1930Kb
[img] PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.

1226Kb

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151202-140807740

Abstract

The IceCube neutrino observatory pursues a follow-up program selecting interesting neutrino events in real-time and issuing alerts for electromagnetic follow-up observations. In 2012 March, the most significant neutrino alert during the first three years of operation was issued by IceCube. In the follow-up observations performed by the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), a Type IIn supernova (SN IIn) PTF12csy was found 0fdg2 away from the neutrino alert direction, with an error radius of 0.º54. It has a redshift of z = 0.0684, corresponding to a luminosity distance of about 300 Mpc and the Pan-STARRS1 survey shows that its explosion time was at least 158 days (in host galaxy rest frame) before the neutrino alert, so that a causal connection is unlikely. The a posteriori significance of the chance detection of both the neutrinos and the SN at any epoch is 2.2σ within IceCube's 2011/12 data acquisition season. Also, a complementary neutrino analysis reveals no long-term signal over the course of one year. Therefore, we consider the SN detection coincidental and the neutrinos uncorrelated to the SN. However, the SN is unusual and interesting by itself: it is luminous and energetic, bearing strong resemblance to the SN IIn 2010jl, and shows signs of interaction of the SN ejecta with a dense circumstellar medium. High-energy neutrino emission is expected in models of diffusive shock acceleration, but at a low, non-detectable level for this specific SN. In this paper, we describe the SN PTF12csy and present both the neutrino and electromagnetic data, as well as their analysis.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/811/1/52DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0004-637X/811/1/52PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1506.03115arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Perley, Daniel A.0000-0001-8472-1996
Kasliwal, M. M.0000-0002-5619-4938
Additional Information:© 2015 American Astronomical Society. Received 2015 June 9; accepted 2015 August 15; published 2015 September 18. We acknowledge the support from the following agencies: U.S. National Science Foundation-Office of Polar Programs, U.S. National Science Foundation-Physics Division, University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, the Grid Laboratory Of Wisconsin (GLOW) grid infrastructure at the University of Wisconsin—Madison, the Open Science Grid (OSG) grid infrastructure; U.S. Department of Energy, and National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, the Louisiana Optical Network Initiative (LONI) grid computing resources; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, WestGrid and Compute/Calcul Canada; Swedish Research Council, Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), and Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Helmholtz Alliance for Astroparticle Physics (HAP), Research Department of Plasmas with Complex Interactions (Bochum), Germany; Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS-FWO), FWO Odysseus programme, Flanders Institute to encourage scientific and technological research in industry (IWT), Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (Belspo); University of Oxford, United Kingdom; Marsden Fund, New Zealand; Australian Research Council; Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS); the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), Switzerland; National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); Danish National Research Foundation, Denmark (DNRF). This paper is based on observations obtained with the Samuel Oschin Telescope as part of the Palomar Transient Factory project, a scientific collaboration between the California Institute of Technology, Columbia University, Las Cumbres Observatory, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, the University of Oxford, and the Weizmann Institute of Science. Some of the data presented herein were obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and NASA; the Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. We are grateful for excellent staff assistance at Palomar, Lick, and Keck Observatories. E.O.O.is incumbent of the Arye Dissentshik career development chair and is grateful to support by grants from the Willner Family Leadership Institute Ilan Gluzman (Secaucus NJ), Israeli Ministry of Science, Israel Science Foundation, Minerva and the I-CORE Program of the Planning and Budgeting Committee and The Israel Science Foundation. P. A. E. Acknowledges support from the UK Space Agency. This work made use of data supplied by the UK Swift Science Data Centre at the University of Leicester. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) have been made possible through contributions of the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max-Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, Queen's University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation under Grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, and Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE). S.J.S. acknowledges (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC grant agreement no [291222]. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site is http://www.sdss3.org/. SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University. We would like to thank K. Murase and J. Hjorth for helpful discussions.
Group:IPTF
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
University of Wisconsin Alumni Research FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Grid Laboratory of Wisconsin (GLOW)UNSPECIFIED
Open Science GridUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
National Energy Research Scientific Computing CenterUNSPECIFIED
Louisiana Optical Network Initiative (LONI)UNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Compute/Calcul CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Swedish Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Swedish Polar Research SecretariatUNSPECIFIED
Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC)UNSPECIFIED
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Helmholtz Alliance for Astroparticle Physics (HAP)UNSPECIFIED
Research Department of Plasmas with Complex Interactions (Bochum), GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek - Vlaanderen (FWO)UNSPECIFIED
Flanders Institute to encourage scientific and technological research in industry (IWT)UNSPECIFIED
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO)UNSPECIFIED
University of OxfordUNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom UNSPECIFIED
Marsden Fund, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)UNSPECIFIED
Danish National Research FoundationUNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Willner Family Leadership Institute Ilan Gluzman (Secaucus NJ)UNSPECIFIED
Israeli Ministry of ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Israel Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Minerva and the I-CORE Program of the Planning and Budgeting CommitteeUNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
Institute for AstronomyUNSPECIFIED
University of HawaiiUNSPECIFIED
Pan-STARRS Project OfficeUNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Max Planck Institute for AstronomyUNSPECIFIED
Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Johns Hopkins UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Durham UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of EdinburghUNSPECIFIED
Queenʼs University BelfastUNSPECIFIED
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network IncorporatedUNSPECIFIED
National Central University of TaiwanUNSPECIFIED
Space Telescope Science InstituteUNSPECIFIED
NASANNX08AR22G
NSFAST-1238877
University of Maryland UNSPECIFIED
Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)291222
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:circumstellar matter; galaxies: dwarf; neutrinos; shock waves; supernovae: individual (PTF12csy, SN 2010jl)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151202-140807740
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151202-140807740
Official Citation:M. G. Aartsen et al 2015 ApJ 811 52
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:62554
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:02 Dec 2015 23:01
Last Modified:27 Oct 2017 23:42

Repository Staff Only: item control page