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Photoexcitation and ionization in carbon dioxide: Theoretical studies in the separated-channel static-exchange approximation

Padial, N. and Csanak, G. and McKoy, B. V. and Langhoff, P. W. (1981) Photoexcitation and ionization in carbon dioxide: Theoretical studies in the separated-channel static-exchange approximation. Physical Review A, 23 (1). pp. 218-235. ISSN 0556-2791. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.23.218.

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Theoretical studies are reported of total and partial-channel photoexcitation and ionization cross sections in carbon dioxide. As in previously reported studies of discrete and continuum dipole spectra in diatomic (N2, CO, O2, F2) and polyatomic (H2O, H2CO, O3) molecules in this series, separated-channel static-exchange calculations of vertical-electronic transition energies and oscillator strengths and Stieltjes-Tchebycheff moment methods are employed in the development. Detailed comparisons are made of the static-exchange excitation and ionization spectra with photoabsorption, electron-impact excitation, and quantum-defect estimates of discrete transition energies and intensities, and with partial-channel photoionization cross sections obtained from fluorescence measurements and from tunable-source and (e,2e) photoelectron spectroscopy. The spectral characteristics of the various discrete series and continua are interpreted in terms of contributions from compact 2πu(π*), 5σg(σ*), and 4σu(σ*) virtual valence orbitals, and from more diffuse discrete and continuum Rydberg orbitals. The 2πu(π*) orbital is found to contribute to discrete excitation series, whereas the 5σg (σ*) and 4σu (σ*) orbitals generally appear in the photoionization continua as resonance-like diabatic valence features. Good agreement obtains between the calculated discrete excitation series and the results of a recent analysis of the available spectroscopic data. The calculated outer-valence-shell (1πg-1)X 2Πg, (1πu-1)A 2Πu, (3σu-1)B 2Σu+, and (4σg-1)C 2Σg+ partial-channel photoionization cross sections are in good accord with measured values, and clarify completely the origins of the various structures in the observed spectra. There is evidence, however, of coupling among scattering states associated with 1πg-1 and 1πu-1 ionic channels, giving rise to moderate disagreement with tunable-source photoelectron and fluorescence measurements over a portion of the spectrum. In the inner-valence-shell region, the calculated 2σu-1 and 3σg-1 cross sections are in qualitative accord with the observed many-electron spectral intensities, and provide a basis for quantitative interpretation when combined with appropriate intensity-borrowing calculations. The calculated carbon and oxygen K-edge cross sections are in good agreement with available cross sections obtained from electron-impact and photoabsorption measurements. It is of particular interest to find the oxygen K-edge (1σg-1, 1σu-1) cross section exhibits both the expected 5σg(σ*) and 4σu(σ*) resonance-like features. Finally, comparisons are made throughout of the discrete and continuum spectra in carbon dioxide with the results of previously reported studies in CO and O2, and the origins of the similarities and differences in the cross sections in these cases are clarified.

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Additional Information:©1981 The American Physical Society. Received 21 April 1980. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the support of the U.S.-Latin American Science Program, NSF(OIP)-CNPq (Brazil), of the Foundation for the Advancement of Science of the State of São Paulo (FAPESP), of the Donors of the Petroleum Research Fund administered by the American Chemical Society, and of the NASA Ames Research Center through the auspices of the U. S. National Research Council.
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6268
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Nov 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:32

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