A Caltech Library Service

Schlieren Technique for Studying Water Flow in Marine Animals

Westphal, James A. (1965) Schlieren Technique for Studying Water Flow in Marine Animals. Science, 149 (3691). pp. 1515-1516. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.149.3691.1515-a.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


A Schlieren optical technique has been developed for studying the flow of water through certain mollusks and brachiopods in sea-water environments. Optical contrast is accomplished by changing either the temperature or salinity of the water. A temperature difference of 0.1°C or a change in salinity of 0.5 per thousand over a path 1 mm long is visible. The technique may be applied in situ in the ocean or through windows in aquaria.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription DOIArticle
Additional Information:© 1965 American Association for the Advancement of Science. 21 July 1965. Contribution 1355, Division of the Geological Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological Sciences1355
Issue or Number:3691
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151214-070708469
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Schlieren Technique for Studying Water Flow in Marine Animals James A. Westphal Science 24 September 1965: 149 (3691), 1515-1516. [DOI:10.1126/science.149.3691.1515-a]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:62832
Deposited On:14 Dec 2015 17:42
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 23:07

Repository Staff Only: item control page