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Results on lattice vector quantization with dithering

Kiraç, Ahmet and Vaidyanathan, P. P. (1996) Results on lattice vector quantization with dithering. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, 43 (12). pp. 811-826. ISSN 1057-7130. doi:10.1109/82.553397.

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The statistical properties of the error in uniform scalar quantization have been analyzed by a number of authors in the past, and is a well-understood topic today. The analysis has also been extended to the case of dithered quantizers, and the advantages and limitations of dithering have been studied and well documented in the literature. Lattice vector quantization is a natural extension into multiple dimensions of the uniform scalar quantization. Accordingly, there is a natural extension of the analysis of the quantization error. It is the purpose of this paper to present this extension and to elaborate on some of the new aspects that come with multiple dimensions. We show that, analogous to the one-dimensional case, the quantization error vector can be rendered independent of the input in subtractive vector-dithering. In this case, the total mean square error is a function of only the underlying lattice and there are lattices that minimize this error. We give a necessary condition on such lattices. In nonsubtractive vector dithering, we show how to render moments of the error vector independent of the input by using appropriate dither random vectors. These results can readily be applied for the case of wide sense stationary (WSS) vector random processes, by use of iid dither sequences. We consider the problem of pre- and post-filtering around a dithered lattice quantifier, and show how these filters should be designed in order to minimize the overall quantization error in the mean square sense. For the special case where the WSS vector process is obtained by blocking a WSS scalar process, the optimum prefilter matrix reduces to the blocked version of the well-known scalar half-whitening filter.

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Vaidyanathan, P. P.0000-0003-3003-7042
Additional Information:© Copyright 1996 IEEE. Reprinted with permission. Manuscript received May 1, 1995; revised November 16, 1995. This work was supported in part by the NSF under Grant MIP 92-15785, Tektronix, Inc., and Rockwell International. This paper was recommended by Associate Editor G. Rajan.
Issue or Number:12
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:KIRieeetcsII96
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6287
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Deposited On:30 Nov 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:32

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