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In situ photolysis of deep ice core contaminants by Çerenkov radiation of cosmic origin

Colussi, A. J. and Hoffmann, M. R. (2003) In situ photolysis of deep ice core contaminants by Çerenkov radiation of cosmic origin. Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (4). Art. No. 1195. ISSN 0094-8276. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151214-134828694

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Abstract

Ice core contaminants should provide permanent paleoclimatic records if, as it is generally assumed, they remained frozen in place and isolated from sunlight by the reflective overlaying snow layers. The excess CO levels recently detected in 1100–1600 AD Greenland ice core air bubbles relative to their Antarctic counterparts [Haan and Raynaud, 1998] amount, however, to an average production of about 5 ± 2 CO molecules cm^(−3) ice s^(−1) in that period. Here we show that such rates are quantitatively consistent with the in situ photodecarbonylation of the chromophoric organic matter present in Greenland, but not in the cleaner Antarctic, ice under the Çerenkov radiation fluxes generated by penetrating muons of cosmic origin. The normal CO levels of modern (1600–1800 AD) Greenland records, and their variability earlier in the last millennium correlate significantly with the occurrence of boreal fires and the associated release of organic aerosol [Savarino and Legrand, 1998].


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002GL016112DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2002GL016112/abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Colussi, A. J.0000-0002-3400-4101
Hoffmann, M. R.0000-0001-6495-1946
Additional Information:© 2003 American Geophysical Union. Received 15 August 2002; revised 17 October 2002; accepted 31 December 2002; published 28 February 2003.
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151214-134828694
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151214-134828694
Official Citation:Colussi, A. J., and M. R. Hoffmann (2003), In situ photolysis of deep ice core contaminants by Çerenkov radiation of cosmic origin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1195, doi:10.1029/2002GL016112, 4
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:62891
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:14 Dec 2015 21:57
Last Modified:03 Mar 2020 13:01

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