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Evolution of sea urchin non-repetitive DNA

Hall, Terrence J. and Grula, John W. and Davidson, Eric H. and Britten, Roy J. (1980) Evolution of sea urchin non-repetitive DNA. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16 (2). pp. 95-110. ISSN 0022-2844. doi:10.1007/BF01731580.

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New methods have been applied to the determination of single copy DNA sequence differences between the sea urchin species Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, S. franciscanus, S. drobachiensis, and Lytechinus pictus. The thermal stability of interspecies DNA duplexes was measured in a solvent (2.4 M tetraethylammonium chloride) that suppresses the effect of base composition on melting temperature. The lengths of duplexes were measured after digestion with S1 nuclease and correction made for the effect of length on thermal stability. The degree of base substitution that has occurred in the single copy DNA during sea urchin evolution is significantly larger than indicated by earlier measurements. We estimate that 19% of the nucleotides of the single copy DNA are different in the genomes of the two sea urchin congeners, S. purpuratus, and S. franciscanus, which apparently diverged only 15 to 20 million years ago.

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Additional Information:© 1980 Springer. Received January 11, 1980; Revised June 9, 1980. We wish to thank Terrence Giugni, Michael Lusby, and Linda Vock for excellent technical assistance. Ee are grateful to Jane Rigg and Yara Lewin who assisted in the preparation of this manuscript. This research was supported by an NSF grant (PCM77-01139). T.J.H. was supported by N.I.H. Postdoctoral Fellowships (GM06575; GM07401). J.W.G. was supported by an ACS Postdoctoral Fellowship (PF-1494).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIH Postdoctoral FellowshipGM-06575
NIH Postdoctoral FellowshipGM-07401
American Cancer SocietyPF-1494
Subject Keywords:Evolutionary Divergence; DNA; Single copy; Thermal Stability; S1 Nuclease; Hydroxyapatite
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151217-180729734
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63048
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:29 Jan 2016 15:45
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 23:10

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