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Multispectral observations of Jupiter's aurora

Waite, J. H., Jr. and Grodent, D. and Mauk, B. M. and Majeed, T. and Gladstone, G. R. and Bolton, S. J. and Clarke, J. T. and Gérard, J.-C. and Lewis, W. S. and Trafton, L. M. and Walker, R. J. and Ingersoll, A. P. and Connerney, J. E. P. (2000) Multispectral observations of Jupiter's aurora. Advances in Space Research, 26 (10). pp. 1453-1475. ISSN 0273-1177.

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Remote sensing of Jupiter's aurora from x-ray to radio wavelengths has revealed much about the nature of the jovian aurora and about the impact of ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling on the upper atmosphere of Jupiter. As indicated by the combination of x-ray and ultraviolet observations, both energetic heavy ions and electrons energized in the outer magnetosphere contribute to auroral excitation. Imaging with the Hubble Space Telescope in the ultraviolet and with the InfraRed Telescope Facility at infrared wavelengths shows several distinct regions of interaction: 1) a dusk sector where turbulent auroral patterns extend well into the polar cap; 2) a morning sector generally characterized by a single spatially confined auroral arc originating in the outer or middle magnetosphere of Jupiter; 3) diffuse emissions associated with the Io plasma - spectroscopy has provided important information about the thermal structure of Jupiter's auroral atmosphere and the altitude distribution of auroral particle energy deposition, while Lyman alpha line profiles yield clues to the nature of thermospheric dynamical effects. Galileo observations at visible wavelengths on the nightside offer a new view of the jovian aurora with unprecedented spatial information. Infrared observations have added much to the understanding of thermal structure at all latitudes, the dynamics of the thermospheric wind system, and auroral morphology, and may hold the key to understanding the role of Joule heating in Jupiter's thermosphere. ROSAT observations have revealed soft x-ray emissions from Jupiter's lower latitudes as well as from the auroral zones, implying that energetic particle precipitation also occurs at low latitudes in regions magnetically linked to the inner radiation belts. In this review, multispectral observations of jovian auroral emissions are presented within a theoretical/modeling framework that is intended to provide some insight into magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling and its effects on the upper atmosphere.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Bolton, S. J.0000-0002-9115-0789
Lewis, W. S.0000-0003-2275-5976
Ingersoll, A. P.0000-0002-2035-9198
Connerney, J. E. P.0000-0001-7478-6462
Additional Information:© 2000 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151223-134251065
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Official Citation:J.H Waite Jr., D Grodent, B.M Mauk, T Majeed, G.R Gladstone, S.J Bolton, J.T Clarke, J.-C Gérard, W.S Lewis, L.M Trafton, R.J Walker, A.P Ingersoll, J.E.P Connerney, Multispectral observations of Jupiter's aurora, Advances in Space Research, Volume 26, Issue 10, 2000, Pages 1453-1475, ISSN 0273-1177, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63197
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Dec 2015 22:05
Last Modified:30 Sep 2020 18:18

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