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Lignin pyrolysis products, lignans, and resin acids as specific tracers of plant classes in emissions from biomass combustion

Simoneit, Bernd R. T. and Rogge, W. F. and Mazurek, M. A. and Standley, L. J. and Hildemann, L. M. and Cass, G. R. (1993) Lignin pyrolysis products, lignans, and resin acids as specific tracers of plant classes in emissions from biomass combustion. Environmental Science and Technology, 27 (12). pp. 2533-2541. ISSN 0013-936X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-111831239

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Abstract

Biomass smoke aerosols contain thermally unaltered and partially altered biomarker compounds from major vegetation taxa. These compounds range from C_8 to C_(31) and include phytosterols, lignans, phenolic products from lignin, and diterpenoids from resins. Certain of the higher molecular weight biomarkers are vaporized from the parent plant material and subsequently condense unaltered into the particle phase. Other compounds undergo pyrolytic alteration and possibly dimerization. In both cases it is possible to assign many of these compounds to the plant taxa of the unburned fuel. The diterpenoids are good indicators for smoke from burning of gymnosperm wood. The relative distribution of the OH/OCH_3 substituent patterns on the phenolic products indicates the plant class of the biomass that was burned. Application of these relationships to the interpretation of ambient smoke aerosols may permit further evaluation of the sources that contribute to regional biomass burning.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00048a034DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es00048a034PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1993 American Chemical Society. Received for review March 6, 1993. Revised manuscript received August 2, 1993. Accepted August 6, 1993. We thank Ed Ruth for assistance in GC-MS data acquisition. This research was supported by the US. Environmental Protection Agency under Agreement R-819714-01-0 and by the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Partial funding also was provided by the US. Department of Energy under Contract DEAC02-76CH00016. The manuscript was not subject to the EPA’s peer and policy review and hence does not necessarily reflect the views of the EPA.
Group:Environmental Quality Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R-819714-01-0
South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DEAC02-76CH00016
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-111831239
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-111831239
Official Citation:Lignin pyrolysis products, lignans, and resin acids as specific tracers of plant classes in emissions from biomass combustion Bernd R. T. Simoneit, W. F. Rogge, M. A. Mazurek, L. J. Standley, L. M. Hildemann, and G. R. Cass Environmental Science & Technology 1993 27 (12), 2533-2541 DOI: 10.1021/es00048a034
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63239
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:24 Dec 2015 19:29
Last Modified:24 Dec 2015 19:29

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