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Sources of fine organic aerosol. 4. Particulate abrasion products from leaf surfaces of urban plants

Rogge, Wolfgang F. and Hildemann, Lynn M. and Mazurek, Monica A. and Cass, Glen R. and Simoneit, Bernd R. T. (1993) Sources of fine organic aerosol. 4. Particulate abrasion products from leaf surfaces of urban plants. Environmental Science and Technology, 27 (13). pp. 2700-2711. ISSN 0013-936X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-112718341

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Abstract

Green and dead leaves from 62 plant species characteristic of the Los Angeles area were harvested and composited according to the actual leaf mass distribution for that area. To simulate leaf surface abrasion by the wind, the leaf composites were agitated in clean Teflon bags while a purified airstream flowed through. Fine particles (d_p ≤ 2 µm) shed from the leaf surfaces were extracted and analyzed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Organic constituents including n-alkanes, n-alkanoic and n-alkenoic acids, n-alkanols, n-alkanals, terpenoid compounds, and trace amounts of PAH were identified and quantified. n-Alkanes showed similar concentrations in both dead and green leaf surface matter; mono-, sesqui-, and triterpenoids were depleted in dead leaf material while n-alkanoic acids were enriched in dead leaf abrasion products. It is shown that the higher molecular weight n-alkanes (C_(27)-C_(33)), with their pronounced odd/even carbon number predominance, provide a suitable marker compound assemblage for tracing vegetative detritus in the urban atmosphere.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00049a008DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es00049a008PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1993 American Chemical Society. Received for review October 29, 1992. Revised manuscript received May 28, 1993. Accepted June 1, 1993. We thank Ed Ruth for his assistance with the acquisition of the mass spectrometry data, and the staffs at the Los Angeles County Arboretum, Rancho Santa Ana, and Eaton Canyon Park for assistance in identification of plant species. We thank also Lynn Salmon who helped in preparing the sampling protocol and in collecting the plant leaf samples. This research was supported by the California Air Resources Board under Agreement A932-127. Portions of the work benefited from research supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Agreement R-813277-01-0 and by the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Partial funding also was provided by the US. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-76CH00016. The statements and conclusions in the report are those of the contractor and not necessarily those of the California Air Resources Board. The mention of commercial products, their source, or their use in connection with material reported herein is not to be construed as actual or implied endorsement of such products. The manuscript has not been subject to the EPA's peer and policy review and hence does not necessarily reflect the views of the EPA.
Group:Environmental Quality Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
California Air Resources Board (CARB)A932-127
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R-813277-01-0
South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-76CH00016
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-112718341
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20151224-112718341
Official Citation:Sources of fine organic aerosol. 4. Particulate abrasion products from leaf surfaces of urban plants Wolfgang F. Rogge, Lynn M. Hildemann, Monica A. Mazurek, Glen R. Cass, and Bernd R. T. Simoneit Environmental Science & Technology 1993 27 (13), 2700-2711 DOI: 10.1021/es00049a008
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63242
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:04 Jan 2016 23:52
Last Modified:04 Jan 2016 23:52

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