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CCN Properties of Organic Aerosol Collected Below and within Marine Stratocumulus Clouds near Monterey, California

Asa-Awuku, Akua and Sorooshian, Armin and Flagan, Richard C. and Seinfeld, John H. and Nenes, Athanasios (2015) CCN Properties of Organic Aerosol Collected Below and within Marine Stratocumulus Clouds near Monterey, California. Atmosphere, 6 (11). pp. 1590-1607. ISSN 2073-4433. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160104-153602008

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Abstract

The composition of aerosol from cloud droplets differs from that below cloud. Its implications for the Cloud Condensation Nuclei (CCN) activity are the focus of this study. Water-soluble organic matter from below cloud, and cloud droplet residuals off the coast of Monterey, California were collected; offline chemical composition, CCN activity and surface tension measurements coupled with Köhler Theory Analysis are used to infer the molar volume and surfactant characteristics of organics in both samples. Based on the surface tension depression of the samples, it is unlikely that the aerosol contains strong surfactants. The activation kinetics for all samples examined are consistent with rapid (NH4)2SO4 calibration aerosol. This is consistent with our current understanding of droplet kinetics for ambient CCN. However, the carbonaceous material in cloud drop residuals is far more hygroscopic than in sub-cloud aerosol, suggestive of the impact of cloud chemistry on the hygroscopic properties of organic matter.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/atmos6111590DOIArticle
http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4433/6/11/1590PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Sorooshian, Armin0000-0002-2243-2264
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Nenes, Athanasios0000-0003-3873-9970
Additional Information:© 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received: 31 August 2015 / Revised: 5 October 2015 / Accepted: 10 October 2015 / Published: 28 October 2015. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Composition Observations) The work in this study was supported by an NSF CAREER Award. In addition, we would like to thank Dr. Rodney Weber and his students at the Georgia Institute of Technology for the use of the Total Organic Carbon (TOC) Turbo Siever Analyzer and Dr. Christos Fountoukis for his help in running the ISORROPIA II code. Author Contributions: Akua Asa-Awuku is co-corresponding author and conducted laboratory experiments, collected and analyzed data sets, and played a significant role in the writing of the manuscript. Armin Sorooshian collected samples in the field, aided in analysis and writing. Richard C. Flagan and John H. Seinfeld devised flight experiments. Athanasios Nenes is co-corresponding author and conceived and devised experiments, analysis, and significantly contributed to writing. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:marine aerosol; organics; stratocumulus clouds; cloud condensation nuclei
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160104-153602008
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160104-153602008
Official Citation:Asa-Awuku, A.; Sorooshian, A.; Flagan, R.C.; Seinfeld, J.H.; Nenes, A. CCN Properties of Organic Aerosol Collected Below and within Marine Stratocumulus Clouds near Monterey, California. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1590-1607.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63350
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:05 Jan 2016 19:24
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:27

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