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Oscillations in cylinder wakes at Mach 4

Schmidt, B. E. and Shepherd, J. E. (2015) Oscillations in cylinder wakes at Mach 4. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 785 . Art. No. R3. ISSN 0022-1120. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160105-143947218

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Abstract

The wake behind a circular cylinder in Mach 4 flow is examined experimentally in the Reynolds number range 2×10^4 to 5×10^5. Periodic oscillations of the sliplines in the wake are observed. The Strouhal number of the oscillations based on the diameter of the cylinder is found to increase monotonically from 0.30 to 0.50 with increasing Reynolds number. If the Strouhal number is formed using the length of the sliplines, however, it has a constant value of approximately 0.48 for all Reynolds numbers studied. This scaling indicates that the oscillations in supersonic flow are likely driven by acoustic signals propagating back and forth through the subsonic region between the separation points on the cylinder and the neck where the sliplines converge, unlike in subsonic flow where oscillations are caused by vortices shed from the cylinder surface.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2015.668DOIArticle
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=10040478&fileId=S0022112015006680PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Schmidt, B. E.0000-0001-9193-7760
Shepherd, J. E.0000-0003-3181-9310
Additional Information:© 2015 Cambridge University Press. Received 3 August 2015; revised 13 October 2015; accepted 8 November 2015; first published online 23 November 2015. The authors would like to thank Professor H. Hornung for performing the Euler computations used in this work. Additional thanks are due to A. Kiani and J. Haggerty for their work machining the models and mount. Finally, the authors would like to thank B. Valiferdowsi for assistance in the laboratory. B.E.S. acknowledges the support of the Foster and Coco Stanback STEM Fellowship for his graduate studies.
Group:GALCIT
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Foster and Coco Stanback STEM FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:aerodynamics; high-speed flow; wakes
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160105-143947218
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160105-143947218
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63395
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:05 Jan 2016 22:53
Last Modified:22 Sep 2016 22:31

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