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Song Learning in Birds

Konishi, M. (1988) Song Learning in Birds. In: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 1 (NIPS 1988). Advances in Nueral Information Processing. No.1. Morgan Kaufmann , San Mateo, CA, p. 795. ISBN 1-558-60015-9.

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Birds sing to communicate. Male birds use song to advertise their territories and attract females. Each bird species has a unique song or set of songs. Song conveys both species and individual identity. In most species, young birds learn some features of adult song. Song develops gradually from amorphous to fixed patterns of vocalization as if crystals form out of liquid. Learning of a song proceeds in two steps; birds commit the song to memory in the first stage and then they vocally reproduce it in the second stage. The two stages overlap each other in some species, while they are separated by several months in other species. The ability of a bird to commit a song to memory is restricted to a period known as the sensitive phase. Vocal reproduction of the memorized song requires auditory feedback. Birds deafened before the second stage cannot reproduce the memorized song. Birds change vocal output until it matches with the memorized song, which thus serves as a template. Birds use a built-in template when a tutor model is not available. Exposure to a tutor model modifies this innate template.

Item Type:Book Section
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Additional Information:© 1988 Morgan Kaufmann.
Series Name:Advances in Nueral Information Processing
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160107-160841992
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63475
Deposited By: Kristin Buxton
Deposited On:15 Jan 2016 00:15
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:28

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