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Liquid Immiscibility in the Join NaAlSi_3O_8−CaCO_3 to 2.5 GPa and the Origin of Calciocarbonatite Magmas

Lee, Woh-Jer and Wyllie, Peter J. (1996) Liquid Immiscibility in the Join NaAlSi_3O_8−CaCO_3 to 2.5 GPa and the Origin of Calciocarbonatite Magmas. Journal of Petrology, 37 (5). pp. 1125-1152. ISSN 0022-3530. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160113-110404222

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Abstract

Field evidence from intrusive and effusive carbonatites supports the existence of calciocarbonatite magmas. Published experimental evidence in the model system Na_2O−CaO−Al_2O_3−SiO_2−CO_2 indicated the formation of nearly pure (99%) CaCO_3 immiscible liquids from a carbonated silicate liquid. This evidence has been used to support interpretations of extremely CaCO_3-rich calciocarbonatite magmas, and immiscible liquids with compositions of almost pure CaCO_3 in metasomatized mantle peridotite and eclogite. Detailed phase relationships are constructed in the model system, based on phase fields intersected by the join NaAlSi_3O_8−CaCO_3 (Ab-CC) at 1.0, 1.5, and 2.5 GPa between 1100 and 1500°C, and analyzed immiscible liquids. The miscibility gap between silicate-rich liquid and carbonate-rich liquid intersected by the join Ab-CC contracts considerably with decreasing pressure: 2.5 GPa, between Ab_(10)CC_(90) (by wt%) and Ab_(65)CC_(35) above 1310°C; 1.5 GPa, between Ab_(23)CC_(77) and Ab_(43)CC_(57) above 1285°C; 1.0 GPa, not intersected. The liquidus piercing point between calcite and silicates becomes enriched in CaCO_3 with decreasing pressure, from Ab_(80)CC_(20) at 2.5 GPa to Ab_(47)CC_(53) at 1.0 GPa. No immiscible liquid contains more than ∼80% dissolved CaCO_3, and all contain at least 5% Na_2CO_3. A round CaCO_3 phase exhibiting morphology similar to that displayed by immiscible liquid globules is determined to be crystalline calcite under experimental conditions. The topology of the phase fields and field boundaries illustrates the kinds of processes and controls existing in magmatic systems. Calciocarbonatite magmas cannot be produced by equilibrium immiscibility process in the mantle. Carbonated silicate magmas in the crust yield residual calciocarbonatite magmas by fractionation along the silicate-calcite field boundary, reached either directly from the silicate liquidus or more commonly via the miscibility gap. Immiscible carbonaterich magmas when freed from the silicate parent cool down a sleep silicate liquidus until they reach a silicate-carbonate field boundary. There is no experimental evidence for immiscible calciocarbonatite magmas with > 80% CaCO_3, and calcite lapilli cannot be formed from 99% CaCO_3 magmas. Sovites are surely cumulates.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/37.5.1125DOIArticle
http://petrology.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/5/1125PublisherArticle
Alternate Title:Liquid Immiscibility in the Join NaAlSi3O8−CaCO3 to 2.5 GPa and the Origin of Calciocarbonatite Magmas
Additional Information:© 1996 Oxford University Press. Received October 25, 1995; Revised typescript accepted May 14, 1996. We thank B. A. Kjarsgaard, B. Castellana, and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments. This research was supported by the Earth Science section of the US National Science Foundation, Grant EAR-921886. This is Contribution 5678 of the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-921886
Subject Keywords:carbonatite; join NaAlSi3O8−CaCO3; liquid immiscibility; sovite
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences5678
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160113-110404222
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160113-110404222
Official Citation:WOH-JER LEE and PETER J. WYLLIE Liquid Immiscibility in the Join NaAlSi3O8−CaCO3 to 2.5 GPa and the Origin of Calciocarbonatite Magmas J. Petrology (1996) 37 (5): 1125-1152 doi:10.1093/petrology/37.5.1125
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63632
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 19:27
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:30

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