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The Effect of 'Impure' Pore Fluids on Metamorphic Dissociation Reactions

Wyllie, Peter J. (1962) The Effect of 'Impure' Pore Fluids on Metamorphic Dissociation Reactions. Mineralogical Magazine, 33 (256). pp. 9-25. ISSN 0026-461X. doi:10.1180/minmag.1962.033.256.03.

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Comparison of experimental data from the systems MgO-CO_2-H_2O (closed) and MgO-CO_2-A (simulating an open system) shows that the effects of H_2O and A on the dissociation of magnesite are almost identical; both behave as inert components reducing the partial pressure of CO_2. The dissociation temperature at constant total pressure is lowered according to the proportion of inert volatiles in the initial vapour phase. The dissociation is completed at one temperature (univariant) in an open system but in a closed system it proceeds through a temperature interval (divariant) because the vapour phase changes composition. The amount of dissociation remains small until the upper limit of the interval is reached. More complex dissociation reactions in the systems CaO-MgO-CO_2-H_2O and CaO-SiO_2-CO_2-H_2O are described; they follow similar patterns. Under closed or partially open metamorphic conditions non-reacting pore fluid components (inert) have to be treated as one additional component for application of the mineralogical phase rule. Comparison of the pattern of metamorphic parageneses with the patterns of reactions occurring under known experimental conditions may provide information about metamorphic processes. Metamorphic reactions can be represented within a petrogenetic model with axes P, T, and pore fluid composition varying between H_2O and CO_2.

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Additional Information:© 1962 Mineralogical Society. Read 3 November 1960. G. A. Chinner, T. N. Clifford, IK. I. Drever, R. Johnston, and W. S. MacKenzie very kindly reviewed drafts of the manuscript or helped by discussing problems. The paper developed from experimental studies in the systems CaO-MgO-CO_2-H2_O and CaO-SiO_2-CO_2-H_2O pursued at The Pennsylvania State University and at Leeds University (School of Chemistry). These studies were supported by the National Science Foundation (U.S.A.) and the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (U.K.).
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Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (UK)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:256
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160113-134725243
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63651
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 21:55
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 23:19

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