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Phase Equilibrium Studies Bearing on the Limestone-Assimilation Hypothesis

Watkinson, David H. and Wyllie, Peter J. (1969) Phase Equilibrium Studies Bearing on the Limestone-Assimilation Hypothesis. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 80 (8). pp. 1565-1576. ISSN 0016-7606. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160120-133143645

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Abstract

Phase relationships in parts of the join NaAlSi_3O_8-CaCO_3-Ca(OH)_2-H_2O at 1-kb pressure, 600° C to 1100° C, illustrate the effect of limestone assimilation on feldspathic magmas. Addition of 20 weight percent of CaO-rich material to a vapor-saturated albite liquid introduces the successive phase fields plagioclase + L + V, wollastonite + L + V, and plagioclase + wollastonite + L + V: addition of 20 to 25 percent produces a small field just above the solidus for plagioclase + wollastonite + nepheline + L + V, with nepheline present in trace amounts; crystallization of the liquid yields little additional nepheline: 25 percent or more of CaO-rich material causes complete crystallization because the solidus temperature increases abruptly, then more nepheline develops and melilite, rankinite, and larnite are stabilized in a series of subsolidus phase fields. Thus, about 20 weight percent of limestone must be assimilated before a feldspathic melt becomes sufficiently desilicated to yield nepheline. Even if enough superheat is available to permit solution of so much limestone, assimilation causes crystallization before desilication proceeds very far, and the formation of feldspathoids in quantity results only from subsolidus reactions. Limestone assimilation releases CO_2, which also tends to induce crystallization of a hydrated magma. A magma would be forced to crystallize as syntexis proceeds, and the local formation of alkalic silica-undersaturated rocks in reaction zones at limestone contacts with silica-saturated igneous magmas is to be expected. The development of large volumes of alkalic, silica-undersaturated magma by limestone syntexis appears to be unlikely, however. Production of alkalic magma by sialic-rock assimilation by carbonatite magma is similarly unlikely.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1969)80[1565:PESBOT]2.0.CO;2DOIArticle
http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/80/8/1565PublisherArticle
http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/content/80/8/1565PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1969 Geological Society of America. Manuscript received by the Society December 2, 1968; Revised manuscript received March 3, 1969.
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160120-133143645
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160120-133143645
Official Citation:DAVID H WATKINSON and PETER J WYLLIE Phase Equilibrium Studies Bearing on the Limestone-Assimilation Hypothesis Geological Society of America Bulletin, August 1969, v. 80, p. 1565-1576, doi:10.1130/0016-7606(1969)80[1565:PESBOT]2.0.CO;2
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63803
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Jan 2016 19:49
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:31

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